Yarutka field (Thlaspi arvense L

The yarok is an annual herbaceous plant 20–80 cm high. Its stems are straight or branched, the leaves are oblong, at the base are swept-toothed, sessile. The flowers are white, four-petalled, collected in racemose inflorescences. The fruits of the plant are large oblong pods. In the fruits ripen small, grooved seeds.

A yura blooms from mid-spring to early autumn. Grass grows widely in the European part of Russia, in Western and Eastern Siberia, Central Asia, the Far East, and the Caucasus. As a weed, it is found in fields, meadows, along roads, in vegetable gardens, in the forest and forest-steppe zone.

Useful Properties

The young leaves of the plant are rich in vitamin C. Flavonoids, saponins, and alkaloids are also found in them. The seeds contain fatty and mustard oil, thioglycoside synigrin. For medicinal purposes, the fruits and grass of the plant are harvested. The fruits are harvested in August-September, the grass - during flowering.

Before drying in well-ventilated areas, the raw materials are laid out on a thin layer of fabric and thus dried. Store the finished product for no more than one year in a tightly closed container.

Application of yarek

Medicines from the yurt have a wide spectrum of action and are distinguished by diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, antibacterial, hemostatic and wound healing effect. That is why this healing plant is actively used by traditional medicine. Herbal preparations are prescribed for the complex treatment of uterine cancer, for inflammation of the ovaries, jaundice, scarlet fever, and angina pectoris. Decoctions from the seeds of the yarut help with atherosclerosis, diabetes, eye inflammation, constipation.

In addition, the fresh juice of the plant removes warts well and heals wounds, preparations from the aerial parts contribute to the removal of toxic substances from the body. And even earlier, broods and infusions of yarutki were treated for gonorrhea and syphilis, with their help they activated the menstrual cycle and restored potency.

Infusion: 15 g of the dry aerial parts of the plant must be filled with 250 ml of boiling water, insisted for 4 hours in a sealed container, then strain. It is recommended to take the infusion of 10-20 ml 5-6 times a day, every 2-2.5 hours.

Field yacht

This is an annual herb with a straight, low stalk. Leaves are oblong, sessile, white small flowers are in racemose inflorescences. Fruits - round oblate pods. A field yoke is common in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. This species is found almost everywhere: in the fields, along roadsides, in vegetable gardens. For medicinal and nutritional purposes, the entire aboveground part of the plant is used.

The collection of medicinal raw materials is carried out from May to August, dried in the usual way, decomposed in air in the shade or in well-ventilated areas. Oil is extracted from the seeds of the field yarut, which is used as food. Currently, official medicine is conducting research on the plant to obtain drugs for the treatment of atherosclerosis, eye inflammation and constipation.

In folk medicine, grass is used mainly for the prevention and treatment of problems associated with male and female genital organs. When used internally with water solutions, they act as an anti febrile, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant.

Contraindications for use

It is not recommended to use yarut with low blood pressure, a contraindication is also hypersensitivity and individual intolerance to the active ingredients of the plant.

It is strictly forbidden to take drugs of a yarut in any form to pregnant women, since they act abortively.

Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).

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Harvesting and storage

As a raw material with healing properties, the above-ground part of the field yurt and its fruits are used. Herbal raw materials are recommended for harvesting from May to August, and the fruits of this plant - after their ripening (during August-September). In order to dry the collected raw materials, it must be laid out in a thin layer in the open air, using canopies to protect from direct sunlight. You can dry the raw materials in the attics of houses, but it is necessary that the room is very well ventilated. Finished raw materials are packed in cardboard boxes or linen bags and stored in a dry room for no more than 12 months.

Application in everyday life

Earlier it was said that the field yarut has the aroma of radish or mustard. In addition to the smell that stimulates the appetite, the grass has a pleasant, albeit slightly spicy, taste. Therefore, some housewives use young greens of this plant as a spice, which is added to various soups and sauces, as well as to vegetable salads. To stock up on this spicy plant for the future, it is harvested in early spring, when the green is still young. The collected grass can be dried and crushed into powder, or it can be frozen or salted.

Healing properties

  1. All the medicinal properties of the field yarns that are known today are explained by the presence of substances useful to the human body in it. For example, a large amount of vitamin C, fiber, protein, fat, and nitrogen-free extractives was found in the leaves. And in the seeds there is a glycoside of sinigrin, fatty oils, lecithin, myrosine and also vitamin C.
  2. Currently, it has been proven that preparations made using this plant have a diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, antibacterial, hemostatic, and wound healing effect.
  3. Acceptance of seeds of field yarns is prescribed to raise the tone and overall strengthening of the body.
  4. Herbal preparations are recommended for men when their sexual function is weakened, and for women to accelerate and activate the menstrual cycle.
  5. Infusion from a field yurt is prescribed for external use in the treatment of purulent wounds and ulcers. For the same purpose, fresh leaves of this plant are used, applying them to the affected areas of the skin.
  6. Freshly squeezed juice from the field yurt helps very well in the fight against warts.
  7. In parallel with the use of traditional medicine to combat uterine cancer, ovarian inflammation, jaundice, scarlet fever and angina pectoris, traditional medicine preparations prepared on the basis of a field yurt can be prescribed.
  8. There is an assumption that the use of drugs based on this plant will help cope with sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis and gonorrhea.

Field tincture herb tincture used to combat hypertension, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, rheumatism, headaches and noise in the head

To prepare this infusion, you need to take one tablespoon of dry grass, previously crushed in a blender, pour 200 g of boiling water into it and place the dishes on the fire to boil the raw materials for five minutes. Then, tightly closing the container, remove it from the heat and leave the broth to infuse for two hours. After this, the infusion must be filtered. It is necessary to use tincture in the amount of one tablespoon three times a day until the condition improves.

Field tincture herb tincture used to treat infertility in women and reduce potency in men

To prepare the tincture, it is necessary to grind the dry grass of the field yarns in a blender, and then this crushed mass in the volume of one and a half tablespoons is placed in a thermos and filled with a glass of boiling water. The thermos closes so that the broth is infused for four hours. After this, the tincture must be filtered. Take the drug in 1 tablespoon every three to four hours (up to 6 doses throughout the day).

Tincture of the field yurt herb used in the treatment of uterine cancer and inflammatory processes in the ovaries

To prepare the drug for this recipe, you will need to take crushed raw materials in the amount of two tablespoons, which must be filled with one glass of boiling water. After this, the dishes with the broth must be tightly closed so that the broth is infused for four hours. Tincture is recommended to take 50 ml before meals three times a day.

Field tincture herb tincture helping women restore menstrual cycle regularity

For the preparation of this drug, you will need one tablespoon of dried herb meats, previously crushed in a blender, which you need to pour a half cups of boiling water. After this, the broth should be allowed to brew for 60 minutes. The drug is administered three times a day, 70 ml at a time.

Field tincture herb tincture used to treat syphilis and gonorrhea

Taking the dry grass of the field, chop it in a blender, and then pour one tablespoon of this mass with a glass of boiling water. Dishes with broth must be closed, wrapped in a terry towel and left to infuse for three hours. It is recommended to take the drug twenty minutes before eating one tablespoon (up to five times a day).

Tincture of a field yurt herb used to treat inflammatory processes in women

This tincture is used to perform douching by women in the presence of various genital inflammations. For its manufacture, it is necessary to grind dry raw materials in a blender, and then take it in a volume of six tablespoons and add 0.5 l of boiling water to the mass. After this, it is necessary to leave the broth for infusion for two hours. Douching should be done twice a day, trying, as long as possible, to keep the infusion inside the vagina. The fluid before the procedure must be warmed up to a warm state.

Alcohol tincture of field yurt grass used to treat cardiovascular diseases and combat sexual impotence in men

The dried grass of the field grass chopped in a blender is poured with alcohol in a proportion of 1 to 10. After this, the vessel must be placed in a place inaccessible to the light for six months, periodically shaking it for uniform infusion of raw materials. Finished tincture must be drained before use. The tool is recommended to use half an hour before the morning meal, one teaspoon each. You can take this tincture for four months.

In medicine

Despite the rich composition of valuable substances and the numerous recipes of traditional medicine based on field medicine, unfortunately in scientific medical practice and in official preparations it is not very often used. Currently, official medicine is conducting a comprehensive study of the beneficial properties of field medicine, in particular, to obtain drugs for the treatment of atherosclerosis, eye inflammation and constipation.

Mongolian pharmacologists also conducted a study of field yurt in the fight against atherosclerosis. In Chinese medicine, a field nerd is already used to treat eye inflammation, myocarditis, constipation and constipation (constipation), as well as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. In parallel with the use of traditional medicine, drugs from the grass of the field yarut are recommended for the complex treatment of cancer of the uterus, inflammation of the ovaries, jaundice, scarlet fever, angina pectoris, and fever. It has been proven that drugs based on field yarns have diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, antibacterial, hemostatic, and wound healing effects. In addition, herbal preparations are recommended as stimulants for sexual activity, for men while weakening their sexual function, and for women for accelerating and activating the menstrual cycle. Seeds of field yarns are prescribed to raise tonus and as a general strengthening agent.

There are recommendations on the use of drugs based on field yarns in the fight against sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis and gonorrhea. The infusion of field yarns is prescribed for external use in the treatment of purulent wounds and ulcers as an antimicrobial and healing agent. Freshly squeezed field yurt juice is effective for warts.

There are contraindications to the use of field yarns and preparations based on it, but so far there are few of them. First of all, it is not recommended for women to use it during pregnancy, since it can provoke a miscarriage to people with low pressure, because it has a hypotonic property, as well as with hypersensitivity and individual intolerance of its active ingredients. Since the plant is specific and little studied, it is worth consulting a doctor before use.

In cooking

The field yacht has the aroma of radish or mustard. In addition to an appetizing odor, the grass has a pleasant, albeit slightly spicy, taste. Therefore, the young herbs of the field yarns are eaten, for example, to give spiciness and taste, as a spice it is placed in the first dishes (soups, cabbage soup) and sauces, as well as in vegetable salads. Some housewives, in order to stock up on this spicy plant for the future, collect a yarut in the early spring, when the greens are still young, dried and ground into powder, or frozen or salted. Seeds are used instead of mustard. In addition, oil is extracted from the seeds of the field yurt, which is also used as food.

Classification

Field yarok (lat. Thlaspi arvense) - belongs to the genus Yarutka (lat. Thlaspi) of the Cruciferous family, or Cabbage (Cruciferae or Brassicaceae). The genus includes more than 60 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants, growing mainly in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, as well as in South America and the Caucasus.

Botanical description

An annual herb with an erect, often branched stem 20-30 cm tall. The whole plant is almost bare, somewhat succulent. The root system is pivotal. The leaves are simple, regular, without stipules, basal collected in a rosette, lower petiolate, stem sessile, oblong or arrow-shaped, serrated at the edges. The flowers are bisexual, bilaterally symmetrical, white, small, collected in corymbose inflorescences. Perianth double, 4-membered, sepals 4, in two circles, petals, too, 4, with pronounced nails. Stamens 6, of which 2 long and 4 short with nectaries at the base of the threads. Ovary is the top of 2 carpels. The formula of the flower of the field yarns is: Ch4L4T2 + 4P (2). The fruit is a podsatoch (flattened from the sides) (about 15 mm in diameter), opened with 2 flaps, with the partition remaining. Seeds without endosperm, brown, furrowed, oily. One plant forms 10-50 thousand seeds, which give germination to several generations. It has spring and winter forms. It blooms from mid spring to early autumn, giving several generations. For medical and nutritional purposes, the entire aboveground part is used.

Spread

The area of ​​distribution of the field yarutki is very wide. It grows in nature throughout Europe, South America, the Middle East (with the exception of the Arabian Peninsula) and Central Asia. On the territory of Russia it is found everywhere from Western and Eastern Siberia to the Far East (except for the Kuril Islands) and the Caucasus.

Favorite places of growth - fields, dry meadows, deposits, wastelands, garbage places, roadsides (recorded by iron), gardens and gardens.In the mountains it rises to the upper mountain zone, can grow on solonetzes. It is found in agricultural crops as a weed plant.

Preparation of raw materials

As a medicinal raw material with healing properties, the whole aerial part of the field’s yoke is used, including fruits with seeds. The grass is harvested during flowering, from May to August, and the fruits are recommended to be harvested closer to the fall, after they ripen (late August - early September). Raw materials are dried in the open air, under canopies that protect from direct sunlight, or in attics and in dry, well-ventilated rooms. Store the finished raw materials in cardboard boxes or linen bags in a dry place. The shelf life of raw materials is not more than 12 months.

Chemical composition

The chemical composition of the field yarns has not been fully studied; flavonoids: apigenin, luteolin, thioesters: allyl sulfide, glucosinolates: in roots, leaves, seeds - sinigrin, glucocapparin, isothiocyanates: in seeds - allylisothiocyanate, in the seeds - allylisothiocyanate higher fatty acids: in the seeds - linolenic, linoleic, erucic, arachinic, oleic, tetracosenic, eicosenic, palmitic, palmitoleic, eicosadienic, stearic, nerve, fatty oil: in seeds up to 33%. In addition, alkaloids, glycosides, vitamin C, saponins, etc. were found.

Pharmacological properties

The healing properties of the field yarns are due to the rich complex of biologically active substances contained in it in a sufficiently large amount. However, today not all the useful properties of the meteor are known. In the experiment, the extract of the aerial part has hemostatic properties and exhibits antibacterial activity. In addition, there is evidence that drugs based on field yarns exhibit wound healing, antimicrobial, astringent, anti-zingotic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, hemostatic, tonic, diuretic, general strengthening, anti-febrile, disinfectant, diaphoretic, expectorant.

Use in traditional medicine

Yarutka field has a fairly widespread use in traditional medicine. Since ancient times, the field yurt has been used to treat various diseases: disorders of sexual function, colds, purulent wounds, infectious diseases, skin diseases. Among the people, a yarate was also used for jaundice, gonorrhea, scarlet fever, angina pectoris and uterine bleeding. For a long time, gonorrhea and syphilis were treated with decoctions and infusions of the field yurt, with its help they activated the menstrual cycle and restored potency. In folk medicine, a field yurt is popular as an excellent diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, wound healing, antimicrobial agent and is used for purulent wounds and ulcers. Field grass in traditional medicine is most used for the prevention and treatment of problems associated with male and female genital organs. The field yacht is used in folk medicine as a disinfectant, antihistamine, diuretic hemostatic, anti-febrile, hemostatic, stimulating potency and accelerating the menstruation process. Decoctions from the seeds of the yarut help with atherosclerosis, diabetes, eye inflammation, constipation. Fresh juice from the field’s yarns effectively removes warts and heals wounds, while preparations from the aerial parts help to remove toxic substances from the body.

History reference

In ancient times, everyone who wanted to get rich carried a field yoke with her and they called her a penny or money bucket.

The field yurt has other popular names: wallet, denezhka, money box, zhabnitsa, toad grass, cloves, bugs, bugs, henchworm, splinter, vertebra, hairs, love grass, buckwheat, broom, splinter, buckwheat, buckwheat, etc.

Literature

1. Alekseev Yu. E. and other herbaceous plants of the USSR. In 2 t / Otv. ed. T.A. Robotnov. M .: Thought, 1971. T. 1. S. 432-433.

2. Bush N. A. Genus 681. Yarutka (Thlaspi). // Flora of the USSR. In 30 t. / Ch. ed. Acad. V. L. Komarov, Ed. Tom N. A. Bush. M.L.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1939. T. VIII. Pp. 576-590.

3. Dudchenko L. G., Koziakov A. S., Krivenko V. V. Spicy-aromatic and spicy-flavoring plants: Handbook / Otv. ed. K. M. Sytnik. K .: Naukova Dumka, 1989. 304 p.

4. Gubanov, I.A. et al. 702. Thlaspiarvense L. (Field yarok) // Illustrated identifier of plants in Central Russia. In 3 t. M .: T-in scientific. ed. KMK, In-t technologist. ISS., 2003. T. 2. Angiosperms (dicotyledonous: dicotyledonous). S. 328.

5. Plant resources of Russia / Otv. Ed. A.L. Budantsev - St. Petersburg, M. KMK. 2009.513 s.

6. Yarutka / T. V. Egorova // Exlibris –Ya. M.: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1978. (The Great Soviet Encyclopedia: in 30 volumes / Ch. Ed. A.M. Prokhorov, 1969-1978, T. 30).

Harm and contraindications

Despite the fact that the field yarrow is a natural remedy, it has contraindications, however, their number is incomparably small in comparison with synthetic medicines.

The male population should remember that the plant can lower blood pressure, so the use of drugs based on it is contraindicated in people with hypotension. With caution, a field nest is used in combination with antihypertensive and blood-thinning drugs, since in this case their properties are potentiated, which can lead to fainting or bleeding.

Do not forget about individual intolerance and hypersensitivity to the components of the yarate. If symptoms like stool disorder, itching and skin rashes, shortness of breath, dizziness, and the appearance of peripheral edema appear, you should immediately stop taking the drugs. Also, do not exceed the treatment periods recommended by herbalists.

The appearance of the plant

In the genus of this plant, there are more than six dozen annuals, but the field yurt is the most popular. Photos in the article clearly show how this healing herb.

The color is dominated by saturated green. The bottom leaves are smooth, oval-shaped. Usually die off at the beginning of summer. Stem leaves are smaller, rounded, have cloves. The root system is thin, pivotal. An erect stalk rises above it. At winter yarutki he can branch. Therefore, several stems often grow from the root system. The height of the shoot can be up to half a meter.

Field flowers are small, collected in brushes. Petals bent out and painted white. Also, the plant produces rounded oval fruits, which often resemble pods. They are small, only a half centimeter in diameter. When the capsule opens, you can see oily, furrowed seeds.

Field bloom

Flowering plant from early May until the end of August. During this period, carpal inflorescences from white buds appear at the apex. The flowers are tiny, about four millimeters in diameter, with four petals. The field yacht in the center has one pistil, which is surrounded by six stamens. Flowering is accompanied by a strong astringent smell, which can only be compared with the aroma of mustard.

After the appearance of buds ripen flat leaf-shaped fruits. About seven millimeter seeds grow inside them. They are covered with a rough brown skin and hidden behind a thin partition. Dry pods look like a small coin. Therefore, they were often carried with them in ancient times as a symbol of wealth. Perhaps, the names “money-making” and “penny” come from here.

What is included in the field yacht?

The chemical composition of the plant is not well understood by specialists. It is known that in the seeds there are sulfur compounds - sinigrin and glycoside, as well as eicogenic acid, mustard and fatty oils. Leaves, fruits and roots contain alkaloids, saponins and vitamin C. In addition, active substances such as isothiocyanates, thioethers, flavonoids and higher fatty acids were found in the composition.

The components that the field yurt contains are more or less beneficial for the human body. However, due to insufficient knowledge of the pharmacological properties of the plant is not used by traditional medicine.

Grass properties

Since the plant contains a lot of nutrients and minerals, it has a wide range of applications. One or another microelement in the right dosage has a beneficial effect on a person. So, the yarut has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, disinfectant, antispasmodic, stimulating, tonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, astringent and anti-zingotic effects. They have known about these properties of herbs since ancient times and used them wisely in folk medicine.

The properties of field yarns in the treatment of diseases are most effectively manifested. Especially good grass helps to thin and remove sputum, thereby relieving the common cold. In the event of non-healing injuries or purulent wounds, fresh leaves of the plant were crushed and added to the water while taking a bath. To remove the warts used the juice of the charger.

With the help of the field field, it is possible to cure almost all the systems of the human body. Especially effective is the use of plants to eliminate diseases and dysfunctions of the genital organs of women and men.

Disease treatment

Plant and preparations based on it will help cure the following ailments.

  • warts
  • abrasions and wounds
  • burns
  • purulent boils,
  • constipation
  • ophthalmic diseases,
  • increased fatigue
  • headaches,
  • hypertension
  • myocarditis,
  • angina pectoris
  • fever
  • diabetes,
  • failure of the menstrual cycle
  • inflammation of the ovaries,
  • impotence
  • syphilis and gonorrhea.

Usually, traditional medicine does not prescribe drugs that contain grass. But sometimes doctors make exceptions in individual cases.

Collection of medicinal raw materials

Grass grows in Central Asia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kamchatka, the North Caucasus and the Far East. Field yurt is found along roads, in fields, wastelands, solonetzes, fallows, and upland meadows. Therefore, to collect the plant for further harvesting is possible only in such areas.

It is better to collect grass from late spring to early fall. It was at this time that the money bucket was suitable for the manufacture of medicinal ointments, tinctures and decoctions. From May to August, when the plant blooms, you can harvest stems, leaves and flower buds. From the end of summer until September, only ripened fruits are harvested.

Very often you can find a shepherd's purse next to a barbeque. Plants are similar only in appearance, otherwise they are completely different. Therefore, you need to be able to determine the type of grass. It is very simple to do it - according to aroma. Mustard or radish only smells of field.

Useful properties will be preserved if the plant is not dried in direct sunlight. This is often forgotten when harvesting grass. The collected yarn is placed on special racks with a thin layer. Drying is recommended outdoors, but under a canopy to protect from sun and rain.

Ready grass is packed in cardboard boxes or fabric bags. It is important that there is air circulation and natural moisture exchange. If stored in a cool and dry place, the yarut will preserve its healing properties all the next year.

Applications and Recipes

Usually from this useful weed prepare powder, decoction and infusion. But also young leaves can be used in pure form as an additive to salad, sauce or soup. Of course, you can buy a ready-made drug, but there is nothing better than a self-made field yurt.

The use of decoction is very useful for headaches. To prepare it, you need a tablespoon of money seeds. They need to pour a glass of boiling water and put on simmer for six minutes. After the broth is allowed to brew for two hours. Then it is filtered and taken three times a day in a tablespoon.

Yaruk seeds can be prepared in a slightly different way. The resulting infusion will be no less useful. A teaspoon of seeds should be poured with a glass of boiling water and left in a thermos for about ten hours. The resulting mixture is drunk half a cup twice a day. It is recommended to make an infusion fresh every time.

Another recipe, but already from the crushed mete. One and a half tablespoons of the prepared raw material pour a glass of boiled water over it. Insist for four hours and strain. Take five times a day for a teaspoon.

Field yurt can be brewed like tea. On a liter of water you need to take two tablespoons of grass with a slide. Brewing is better in a thermos for forty minutes. You need to drink during the day for five or six times. The broth turns out not to be bitter, it tastes like water from boiled corn.

Opponents of all kinds of decoctions and infusions can use the powder. It is made from leaves, seeds, and yarut fruits. Take half an hour before meals four times a day for half a teaspoon. The course lasts from two to three weeks.

Use of moneybox by women

The field field has been used by girls and women since ancient times. It was believed that this herb is able to get rid of ailments in the genital area. The plant has been used effectively to treat ovaries, uterine cancer and normalize the menstrual cycle. For these purposes, the grass was prepared as follows. A tablespoon of the pin was poured with a large glass of boiling water, insisted for an hour and filtered. Was taken orally three times a day. For greater efficacy, they simultaneously douche the same infusion.

Also, the field field has long been known as an abortive means. The broth was made from a glass of boiling water and a tablespoon of grass. Insisted in a sealed container for several hours and filtered.