Antibiotics and alcohol are incompatible - everyone knows this. But how true is this statement? Can I drink alcohol after antibiotics, and if not, then what threatens a similar cocktail? When can I drink alcohol after taking antibiotics? Some doctors insist on the complete elimination of alcohol during the course of treatment, others talk about a period of 4 hours. This time is enough for antibiotics to complete the active phase of action.
Compatible or not
Prescription forms, as well as instructions for antibiotic drugs, usually indicate that alcoholic beverages should be excluded. But it does not explain why. Many believe that you can not drink alcohol during the course of treatment, because ethanol neutralizes the effect of drugs and increases the load on the liver. This is not true in every case.
But just in case, to avoid undesirable consequences, doctors recommend to completely eliminate the use of ethanol-containing drinks while taking antibiotics. Studies conducted on a group of volunteers, as well as on laboratory rats showed that the antibiotics of the penicillin group do not react at all to ethanol. In this case, alcohol intake is quite acceptable.
Alcohol not only does not reduce the absorption of the drug and its healing effect, but in some cases even accelerates the healing process. These facts are not yet fully understood, therefore it is difficult to say about the true causes of such chemical reactions. Is it possible to drink beer if there is simultaneous treatment with such popular drugs as Erythromycin or Flemoxin? This is perfectly acceptable.
When a person drinks beer, as a rule, he is not limited to one serving. Yes, and any alcoholic product acts as a diuretic, so the period of presence of the antibiotic in the body is reduced. The drug is simply excreted in the urine, not having time to properly provide a healing effect. For this reason, if you drink alcohol at the same time as antibiotics, then do it in moderate doses and not abuse it.
Antibiotics that allow joint use with alcoholic beverages:
- Penicillin group. Amoxicillin, Erythromycin, Flemoxin.
- Cephalosporins. Cefadroxil, Cefpiron.
- Macrolides. Azithromycin, Clarithromycin, Spiramycin, Roxithromycin.
In the case of treatment with the above preparations, it must be remembered that antibiotics should not be taken with alcoholic beverages. If you are being treated with penicillin preparations, you should remember that you can drink alcohol no earlier than 4 hours after the tablet was drunk. This period is enough for the drug to be absorbed into the bloodstream, undergo a period of decomposition in the liver, fulfill its function, and begin adsorption by the kidneys.
What happens if you drink too much? Alcohol, absorbed into the blood through the walls of the stomach, reaches the liver, where it is broken down by enzymes into components, which, ultimately, the body with the help of the kidneys can bring. If there is too much ethanol, it increases the production of liver enzymes that break down not only ethanol, but also antibiotics. As a result, drugs are eliminated faster than they should, therefore, they do not have time to perform their function. They must be incorporated into the vital processes of bacteria and viruses, which cause the symptoms of the disease.
Antibiotics violate the synthesis of proteins inside the cells of viruses, destroy their membranes, blocking the possibility of reproduction. The process of drinking alcohol implies a diuretic effect. Thus, antibiotics leave the body much faster than they manage to destroy bacteria and viruses. It turns out that the use of alcohol with these types of antibiotics, although acceptable, but reduces the healing effect.
Drugs that exclude joint intake with alcohol
There is a group of antibiotics that are completely incompatible with alcohol. This is due to their ability to block the production of enzymes that break down ethanol. They have an effect on the body, similar in its properties to Disulfiram, with which they carry out drug coding from alcoholism. If a person uses antibiotics of similar properties, then you should avoid taking alcohol in any form.
Otherwise, the consequences can be irreversible, even fatal. Disulfiram Effects: Esperal, Teturam, Radother, Lidevin, Antabus, Vivitrol, Cyamide, Tamposil, Selinkro, Sodium Thiosulfate, Metadoxil, Litonite, Colme, Zorex. If you are assigned to the treatment of the above drugs, you should absolutely exclude alcohol for the entire period of treatment. Having drunk alcohol together with similar tablets, the incompatibility reaction will follow.
Symptoms of alcohol incompatibility with antibiotics:
- Headache and dizziness. Migraine. Wandering pain from temporal lobe to occiput or in any other direction.
- Nausea and vomiting that cannot be stopped. Vomit urge continues even on an already empty stomach.
- Arrhythmia, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, pressure jumps. Dyspnea.
- Loss of consciousness and fainting, which can develop into a coma.
- Renal and hepatic failure. Yellow skin and whites of the eyes.
All these unpleasant symptoms appear if a person drank alcohol along with drugs that have an effect similar to Disulfiram. Tablets contain chemicals that block the production of enzymes that break down ethanol. In the liver, acetaldehyde clearance is delayed. Poisoning with Nitromidazole and Cephalosporin affects the strongest intoxication with all the accompanying symptoms.
How long does it take to drink alcohol when treating a course of antibiotics?
To avoid damage to the liver and kidneys, as well as intoxication due to the inability of the liver to produce enzymes that break down ethanol, you should know how long antibiotics are in the body. Disulfiram and chemical compounds in preparations that have similar properties accumulate in the fatty tissue. The withdrawal period of 12-18 hours.
Period of complete elimination up to 2 weeks. That's when you can drink alcohol after antibiotics safely. How much time should refrain from alcohol before taking antibiotics? Doctors recommend starting a course of drugs after 4 days without alcohol. Of course, this period is considered safe. In cases when it comes to urgent treatment of the disease, 1-2 days is enough.
How much after antibiotics can I drink alcohol? Doctors talk about a 4 hour period. In reality, it is better to withstand at least 12 hours, when the liver and kidneys will remove most of the drugs, otherwise the body may consider joint administration, as intoxication and will try to bring the decay products. There will be nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache.
After the course of treatment, how many days must pass before you can safely drink alcoholic beverages? Thus, the minimum period after taking antibiotics of the tetracycline series must be 3-4 days before you can return to a fun lifestyle. Ethanol lowers the absorption of tetracycline in the blood, so with this antibiotics it is better to refrain from the use of alcoholic beverages.
Drinking beer after antibiotics is generally not recommended, as it has diuretic properties. In the case of tetracycline, combining with ethanol is undesirable. Reducing the healing effect of the drug. How much can you take antibiotics if a person is sick and drank a lot of alcohol the day before? If symptoms of hangover are felt in the morning, then it is not worth starting a course of therapy on these days.
It is advisable to wait 2-3 days before the body regains its strength and displays all the decay products of ethanol. Tetracycline and drugs with the effect of disulfiram are absolutely incompatible with alcohol. You should wait 3-4 days before taking the pills, and also at least 1 week after the end of the course, before you can safely drink alcohol.
But with the antibiotics of the penicillin series, joint use of alcoholic beverages is acceptable. In some cases, there is even an acceleration of the healing process. However, the abuse is not worth it. Since alcohol has diuretic properties and reduces the drug's stay in the body, which, in turn, leads to the fact that antibiotics do not have time to have a healing effect.
Antibiotics are very effective, but dangerous drugs. Before taking them, you should definitely consult a specialist. The main indication for the use of such drugs is the presence of a bacterial infection with which the body cannot cope on its own. If the doctor prescribed a course of antibiotics, then during their reception should follow certain rules:
- Strict adherence to the time and frequency of medication. This is necessary to maintain a constant concentration of certain substances in the blood.
- The duration of antibiotics is determined by the doctor. As a rule, the course of therapy ranges from 5 to 14 days. Some drugs of prolonged action are taken 1-3 days.
- Wash down the medication should be clean non-carbonated water.
- During treatment, you need to follow a diet. It should abandon the heavy fatty foods and alcohol.
Why not drink alcohol during antibiotic treatment?
One of the main requirements during antibiotic therapy is to avoid alcohol. In addition, alcohol is not recommended to take after the end of treatment for a certain time.
Why alcohol after a course of antibiotics is contraindicated?
- When ingested, these substances break down into smaller components that turn into simple compounds. Some molecules of alcohol-containing beverages coincide with molecules of antibiotics. Interacting, they can lead to serious disruptions in the body.
- It is proved that alcohol significantly reduces the effectiveness of antibacterial drugs.
- The mixture of these substances gives a large load on the liver, which negatively affects its work and the state of the body as a whole.
- The reaction of organs and systems to the combination of alcohol and chemical antibacterial agents is unpredictable.
Consequences of alcohol use during antibiotic therapy
In order to answer the question about when you can drink alcohol after antibiotics, you should talk about the effects of mixing these substances in the body.
- Violation of the liver. This is the first and one of the most serious consequences of the simultaneous use of antibiotics and alcohol. While taking antibacterial drugs greatly increases the load on the liver. The use of alcohol during antibiotic therapy inhibits the work of this body. As a result, metabolic processes are disturbed, and harmful substances are not excreted from the body, but accumulate in it.
- The combination of alcohol and antibiotics can cause serious allergic reactions.
- Headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, cramps - the most common symptoms of intoxication of the body, which occurs due to the mixing of antibacterial drugs and alcohol.
- A great danger during the reception of antibiotics for the body is hangover syndrome. It can cause insanity and lead to serious mental disorders.
Reasons for not drinking
There are several reasons why alcoholic beverages and antibiotics cannot be combined. If you do not withstand the period during which you can not drink after antibiotics, then at least some malfunctions in the work of the body systems, including in the brain, are possible. And in the worst case, death is possible. Reasons why it is better to postpone alcohol:
- Alcoholic beverages interfere with the active work of human organs, since the latter must fight the disease and simultaneously remove alcohol from a weakened organism.
- In addition, by drinking alcohol at the same time as antibiotics, a person “kills” the heart, kidneys, and liver.
- Antibiotics spoil the microflora of the stomach. Alcohol is even stronger.
- If you are already taking a course of antibiotics, then the disease is quite dangerous and requires serious treatment. But for it to be effective and really yielded a result, it is not necessary to combine alcohol with pills / injections, because alcohol neutralizes the effect of antibiotics.
- Alcohol contributes to the development of harmful microorganisms, increasing their resistance to antibiotics. This means that the treatment will last longer.
Antibiotics incompatible with alcohol
So, let's talk about specific antibiotics and alcohol (when you can take strong drinks after certain groups of antibacterial drugs). It is important to note that during the treatment of complex infections, drinking alcohol can lead to serious violations, including death. Doctors prohibit drinking alcoholic beverages during the treatment period and for 5 days after the end of the course of taking the following groups of drugs:
- anti-tuberculosis drugs
- tetracyclines (antibiotics of this group block the biochemical processes in the cells of bacteria, and alcohol has the ability to neutralize their action),
- nitroimidazoles (alcohol should not be consumed within 7 days after the end of taking these antibiotics),
- lincosamides (have a detrimental effect on liver function),
- cephalosporins (mixing with alcohol can lead to a number of unpleasant consequences, including tachycardia),
- macrolides (increase the toxic effects of alcohol),
Antibiotics that do not interact with alcohol
The following types of antibiotics during clinical trials showed no active interaction with alcoholic beverages.
- Penicillins - have a bactericidal effect, are used for the treatment of many diseases.
- Antifungal drugs.
- Vancomycin is an antibiotic from the group of glycopeptides. Its bactericidal action is caused by blocking the synthesis of the cell wall.
- Rifomycin - refers to the group of ansamycins. Broad-spectrum antibiotic.
- Heliomycin is used to treat rhinitis, pharyngitis, infectious dermatitis, and other diseases.
Is it possible to drink alcohol after the antibiotics listed above? Doctors claim that drinking a small amount of alcohol after the end of therapy with these antibacterial drugs does not cause critical damage to health. However, it should be remembered that each organism responds differently to the combination of such substances. That is why alcohol is not recommended to use during the period of antibiotic therapy of these groups and for 3 days after the end of the course of treatment.
When can I drink alcohol after antibiotics?
Doctors recommend to keep from drinking alcohol for at least 3 days after the end of the course of therapy. It is during this period that most chemical antibacterial agents are completely excreted from the body.
When can I drink alcohol after a long-acting antibiotic? Doctors do not give a definite answer to this question. Each powerful antibiotic has its own decay period (from 10 to 24 days). Therefore, before drinking alcohol, be sure to consult with your doctor.
What is an antibiotic
Antibiotics are substances of microbial, synthetic or semi-synthetic origin, which contribute to the suppression of the growth and reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms or cause their death. For the first time in 1928, Alexander Fleming made the most important discovery in the history of medicine. He found that ordinary mold, which appeared on bread, suppressed the growth of dangerous bacteria. Penicillin - it was the first antibiotic.
These substances are only infections and diseases caused by bacteria, and they are not effective against viruses. Antibiotics are used as drugs that inhibit the growth and development of dangerous microorganisms, but cannot harm healthy cells of the microorganism. They are produced in the form of tablets, capsules, syrups and solutions for intramuscular and intravenous administration.
In the Soviet Union during World War II, the Russian woman scientist Zinaida Yermolyeva in 1942 discovered the existence of Penicillin. This fact was a breakthrough in the military medicine of those years. On the fields, a large number of soldiers received battle wounds and subsequently died from purulent-septic complications. The discovery of antibiotics has saved many lives of people and contributed to their rapid recovery in the ranks of the Soviet troops.
Can I drink alcohol after antibiotics
Every specialist can say with confidence that abstaining from alcohol will help to avoid various complications. The disease can weaken the human immune system, and alcohol after a course of antibiotics has a detrimental effect on the internal organs. Doctors recommend drinking alcohol not earlier than 3-5 days after the last dose of drugs, and if they are long-acting, then abstinence should be extended to 3-4 weeks.
How long do antibiotics work after they are taken?
Scientists claim that the active active ingredients of antibiotics are in the body for at least 3 days. There are drugs with prolonged (prolonged) action, they are displayed only after 2-3 weeks. Consultation with a doctor can eliminate the occurrence of side effects. It is important to pay attention to the following parameters before you start taking alcohol after antibiotics:
- the duration of the drug treatment course,
- its compatibility with ethyl alcohol,
- the time after which alcohol is allowed after taking the last dose.
What happens when mixed with alcohol
Alcohol while taking antibiotics can lead to serious irreversible effects. The main negative reactions of this combination include:
- Improving the resistance of the pathogenic microflora. Antibacterial drugs prescribed to destroy pathogens in the human body. Alcohol at the same time weakens the effect of these medicines, and at this time the bacteria adapt and adapt to the active substance, increasing their resistance to this group of antibiotics.
- Transition of the acute form of the disease to the chronic. Alcohol can accelerate the metabolism of the active substance, while the drug disintegrates faster and does not have time to act on the focus of inflammation. To do this, the doctor prescribes a double dose of antibiotics, the load on the body increases, and the disease is treated longer and more difficult.
- Increasing blood viscosity with a combination of alcohol and antibiotics can lead to the development of stroke or myocardial infarction, as well as problems in the work of the heart and blood vessels.
- Reduced drug concentration due to the use of alcoholic beverages. In this case, the dosage of antibacterial drugs is increased by the doctor, and with such a load, the liver and kidneys work for wear. Perhaps the development of acute failure of these organs.
- Liver dysfunction. Ethyl alcohol and antibiotics are broken down by the same liver enzymes. Under such an effect, the production of these substances can generally stop, which will lead to severe intoxication and oppression of the organ.
- The risk of severe allergic reactions. The human body may react inadequately to such a complex of effects. Anaphylactic shock or fatal angioedema is an irreversible result of the interaction of alcohol with antibiotics.
- Of particular danger is the disulfiram-like reaction, which occurs due to the accumulation of acetaldehyde (an intermediate metabolite of ethyl alcohol) in tissues and organs, it acts as a strong nootrope on the central nervous system. Its elimination is impaired and against this a severe intoxication arises, accompanied by: nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations, sweating, fever, a drop in blood pressure, abdominal pain, dizziness and cramps.
Any of these side effects from alcohol are hazardous to health and life. If there is at least one deviation from the norm, you need to inform your doctor. If there is too much pain or acute symptoms, you should immediately call an ambulance.
When drinking alcohol Immediately after antibiotics, the following consequences will be inevitable:
- Liver failure, as well as pain in the liver. The combination of antibiotics with alcohol virtually destroys this weak organ.
- The accumulation of harmful substances in the body. Due to a metabolic disorder, alcohol may not be excreted from the body for some time and poison it.
- Feeling unwell, nausea, because alcohol, even beer, has a negative effect on a weakened stomach and intestines.
- Strong headache, which indicates violations of the nervous system.
- Allergy. The combination of alcohol and drugs may well cause such a reaction of the body.
- Dizziness from intoxication.
- Seizures may occur for the same reason as dizziness.
- Clouding of reason, violation of adequate perception of the surrounding world, due to the fact that the brain can not work normally.
- A hangover even after a small dose of alcohol.
- Mental disorders associated with the inability of the brain to perceive the world around us.
It is necessary to remember that it is impossible to take antibiotics and alcohol together. After how much you can do this, you need to find out from your doctor.
When allowed to drink
If the course of treatment is over, then you need to refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages for at least three days. This time is enough for most of the substances to leave the body. butThis rule does not apply to all drugs.. For example, long-acting drugs can be displayed for two to three weeks. In this case, you need expert advice.
Alcohol Compatible Medicines
In a situation where you need to calculate how much you can drink alcohol after antibiotics, you need to determine which group of medicines you are taking.
Break not less than five days should be between taking alcohol-containing products and drugs such as:
- pills / shots against tuberculosis,
- tetracycline (these drugs stop the biochemical processes in the cells of viruses, and alcohol blocks the action of drugs),
- lincosamides (have a strong negative effect on the liver of any person),
- cephalosporins (this can cause a number of side effects, including tachycardia),
- macrolides (because of them the toxicity of alcohol in the body increases several times),
You can take only after the seven-day period drugs of the nitromidazole group.
Spirits does not interact with such drugs as:
- Penicillins are used to treat many diseases, because they have a good bactericidal effect.
- Antifungal antibiotics.
- Vancomycin is a drug that blocks cell wall biosynthesis.
- Rifomycin - used for so many diseases.
- Heliomycin - it is prescribed for rhinitis, pharyngitis, infectious dermatitis and other diseases.
If there is any doubt whether it is possible to drink alcohol immediately after the end of the reception of these particular means, then the doctors recommend waiting three days. It is better not to drink spirits immediately. It is rather individual and body reactions may be different.
Do I need to consult a doctor
If you want to drink alcohol after antibiotics, no need to hurry. The best option is to ask the attending physician how much time must pass after treatment. The specialist knows the features of the patient's body, how antibiotics work.
Another option is to look at the instructions for the drug and find information in it about how much you can not drink after antibiotics. It is possible that the duration of the break between taking drugs and alcohol depends on the duration of the course of treatment. Pay attention to this.
The longer you abstain from alcohol, the more grateful your body will be. Drinks may be of the best quality, but this does not negate their negative impact.
How to take antibiotics?
Drugs that work effectively against pathogenic bacteria can be dangerous to the health of the patient. The course of treatment with antibiotics can not begin without the recommendation of a doctor and a good reason. The main indications are a bacterial infection, from which an organism with insufficiently strong immunity cannot get rid of itself. Antibiotics destroy the cellular structure of pathogenic microorganisms, helping to cope with the disease.
Rules for taking antibiotics prescribed by a doctor:
To maintain the desired concentration of the active substance, it is necessary to strictly observe the recommended dosage and frequency of administration.
The duration of antibiotic treatment is determined by the attending physician, on average, this period is 5-14 days. Drugs that have a prolonged effect can be taken within 1-3 days.
Antibiotics are washed down only with clean non-carbonated water.
Intake of drugs is accompanied by a restriction in the diet of alcohol and fatty foods.
Is the ban on alcohol while taking antibiotics justified?
Restrictions on alcohol use are a part of mandatory requirements for a patient taking antibiotics. These requirements also apply to the period of rehabilitation after an illness.
Reasons for contraindications to alcohol during a course of antibiotics:
Once in the digestive and circulatory system, alcohol breaks down into simple chemical compounds. By interacting with each other, alcohol molecules and antibiotic molecules can create substances that are toxic to the body.
The effectiveness of the active ingredient of antibiotics is markedly reduced against the background of alcohol.
The negative impact of antibiotics in a mixture with alcohol on the functioning of the liver and the whole body multiplies while taking them.
It is impossible to predict the body's response to the combination of alcohol and drugs.
According to the observations of physicians, the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy is higher for those who did not take alcohol during and after the disease.
The reaction of the body to the combination of alcohol and antibiotics
One of the consequences of the combination of alcohol and antibiotics is blocking the reaction of ethanol splitting in the human body. The consequences of such a metabolic disorder are the accumulation of acetaldehyde in tissues and organs due to impaired excretion.
Possible consequences of drinking while taking antibiotics:
Impaired functioning of the liver, when the metabolism of alcohol and drugs, flows atypically and inhibits the work of the body. Instead of removing the decay products, the liver accumulates toxins in its cells.
The organism is intoxicated, its symptoms - nausea, intolerable headache, convulsions, vomiting and dizziness.
Sweating and redness of the skin.
The hangover syndrome on the background of taking antibiotics, its effects - a mental disorder, mental confusion.
What antibiotics can not be consumed simultaneously with alcohol?
In order to avoid death, it is necessary to refrain from taking alcohol during the treatment of complex infections and 5 days after the end of the course of therapy.
Groups of drugs that are absolutely incompatible with alcohol:
Aminoglycosides (not combined with other chemical compounds, including alcohol),
Levomitetiny (even without interaction with alcohol cause severe side effects, aggravated by the interaction with ethyl alcohol),
Drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis, leprosy,
Lincosamides (extremely toxic to the liver and central nervous system),
Tetracyclines (alcohol neutralizes the action of antibiotics that block biochemical processes in the body of pathogenic bacteria),
Nitroimidazoles (ban on alcohol up to 7 days after the end of the course of these antibiotics),
Cephalosporins (mixture with alcohol leads to tachycardia and other serious consequences due to disulfiram-like reaction),
Macrolides (double the toxic effect of alcohol on the liver and brain).
Antibiotics, the use of which is not prohibited at the same time as alcohol
The list of antibacterial drugs that do not interact with alcohol:
Penicillins - broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs,
Vancomycin is a drug from the group of glycopeptides that blocks the synthesis of the cell wall of bacteria,
Rifomycin is a drug from the group of ansamycins, used to treat many diseases,
Heliomycin - a drug for the treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract and infectious dermatitis.
Even if the combined use of antibiotics and alcohol theoretically can not harm the body, we should not forget about the individual reaction of the body to such combinations. It is advisable not to drink alcohol for 3 days after taking the last dose of antibiotics.
When is it safe to drink alcohol after taking antibiotics?
According to experts, the active substance of antibiotics can be in the body for at least 3 days. The drugs of prolonged action differ in a long period of disintegration - 10-24 days. Consultation with a doctor will help to avoid negative consequences of combining incompatible substances. If for some reason it is impossible to obtain it, you need to carefully study the instructions for using the antibiotic. Important parameters to pay special attention to:
Duration of treatment
Compatibility of the active substance with ethyl alcohol,
The time during which you can not drink alcohol after taking the last dose.
If such information is not available, this does not mean that a toxic effect cannot occur. It is necessary to withstand a period of at least one day to remove the components of the drug from the body. An organism whose immunity is impaired after the disease is not strong enough to affect ethyl alcohol toxins.
About the doctor: From 2010 to 2016 practicing physician of the therapeutic hospital of the central medical and sanitary unit No. 21, the city of Elektrostal. Since 2016 he has been working in the diagnostic center №3.
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In our time, it is difficult to even imagine that once a banal injury - a cut, a wound or a burn - could cost a person his life due to infection and subsequent blood poisoning. And serious diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, tuberculosis or syphilis almost always meant the death sentence for the patient and the preceding prolonged torment.
Preparations of this pharmaceutical group require a balanced approach to the appointment, but there are times when they can not do.These are bacterial infections that have caused inflammation with purulent discharge, tissue damage, and a rise in temperature. Diseases for which use antibiotics.
Preparations of this pharmaceutical group are prescribed exclusively for bacterial infections. These can be serious conditions such as meningitis or pneumonia that threaten the life of the child. The treatment of such infections occurs in the hospital based on the results of laboratory tests and the observation of the doctor for the patient.
Drugs designed to kill pathogens are antibiotics. Invented at the beginning of the twentieth century, they saved humanity millions of lives. In the past 20 years, these drugs are widely used to treat a variety of diseases. There are 11 groups that include.