25th week of pregnancy - a great second trimester is coming to an end. It is believed that from this period significantly reduces the risk of miscarriage and missed abortion. Mothers can breathe with relief and pacify a little their feelings, because even premature birth after 25 weeks gives the child an opportunity to survive.
What happens in the body
The 25th week of pregnancy is the end of the sixth calendar month or the first week of the seventh month according to the obstetric calendar (in it pregnancy lasts 10 months, each 4 weeks). This is the second trimester of pregnancy. This week you can spend a kind of border, which can serve as some comfort for women whose pregnancy is accompanied by the threat of abortion. With each week the fetus becomes more mature, grows up and gains weight, so the birth of it after a period of 25 weeks increases its chances of active nursing in conditions of separation of prematurity. By modern standards, any newborn who has a body weight of more than 500g is nursed. Of course, the birth of a child in this period is not the norm and may carry potential dangers to the life and health of the baby, but now he has already reached a certain level of development and mass.
Now mom is actively gaining weight due to the growth and weight gain of the fetus, in general, the increase can by this time leave up to 7-9 kg, and another 5kg to be gained further. The overall body weight of the mother will depend largely on the weight of the baby and its growth rate, on the initial weight before pregnancy and nutrition, the activity of the mother. Women who are prone to corpulence usually gain less weight than those that before the pregnancy had a weight deficit. The baby is already quite large and his movements and kicks are clearly felt by the mother, sometimes quite painfully, especially under the ribs or on the sides of the abdomen. Now you can already distinguish the parts of the body of the fetus, which he moves.
Fetal development in the 25th week of pregnancy: weight size and sex
By this week of pregnancy, the fetus will grow to 34-35 cm and will weigh about 650-660 g. As the baby grows, it becomes more and more tight in the uterus, and its movements are becoming stronger and more noticeable. Gradually, the baby will occupy the position of the head down, pressing the arms and legs to the body (fetal position). Now the movements of the child are accompanied by visible tension and change in the abdomen, periods can be seen the contours of the limbs, and movements with the legs under the ribs can even be uncomfortable. Now you need to pay attention to the activity of the fetus - if the child behaves quietly for a long time or is excessively active, you should consult a doctor to exclude his oxygen starvation. About four movements per hour or more than 10 movements per day are considered normal.
At 25 weeks, there is an active improvement in the respiratory system of the fetus, alveoli are formed, which inside are filled with a thin layer of a special lubricant - surfactant. This is a special substance that will not allow the lungs to subside and stick together on the exhale, will help in smoothing the lungs with the first sigh of the child. But now the lungs look like blown-away sacks, and only at the moment of birth, when the child takes the first breath, will they finish off and the small circle of blood circulation will turn on to supply the child with oxygen. Now, if you conduct an analysis of amniotic fluid, you can roughly determine to what level the fetal lungs are ripe and how likely it is that the baby will be able to breathe on its own if it is born earlier than it was. This is determined by the level of specific phospholipids, which are released in the lungs surfactant in the amniotic fluid.
By this time, the baby’s blood formation is almost perfect, and the child’s bone marrow is actively involved in the production of all blood cells. This allows you to improve the immune system of the fetus - there is a training of lymphocytes and white blood cells to fight infection in the future. At this time, according to the ultrasound, the sex of the child is clearly defined and you already know who you are waiting for - a boy or a girl. In this period, the boy's testicles begin to descend into the scrotum, in girls the formation of the vagina occurs.
Now the child has already well developed sense organs - he hears well and his retina can react to light. The kid will actively make itself felt with the harsh sounds from the outside world, shuddering or sinking. Now his movements are becoming more and more coordinated, he shows a certain dexterity - he touches the walls of the uterus, grabs the umbilical cord loop, sticks his fingers in his mouth, feels the face and body. In this period in the brain there is a bookmark and the leading hand - whether the kid is right-handed or left-handed.
At this time, the fetus usually already occupies the position as it will be during childbirth, head down, but its position is not yet stable. If the fetus is located buttocks down, special gymnastics complexes may be required, so that before the period of 32-34 weeks it turns its head down. The brain of the crumbs weighs already 100 g, the periods of increased activity of certain brain centers are identified, the rhythm of sleep and wakefulness is developed, often the periods of sleep and activity of the fetus do not coincide with the mother's. The baby can actively move in the moments of your rest and sleep.Now the child will hiccup more often, because due to this, the respiratory muscles and the diaphragm are trained. It swallows the amniotic fluid, and the special nerves that create the hiccups are irritated. This is not a sign of pathology - you should not worry.
The development of cartilage is actively occurring, including in the auricle region, and the degree of prematurity of babies is determined by the degree of their development. Bone tissue and muscles develop, calcium in the bones is actively deposited, and the child needs to move actively for proper development.
Feelings of the future mother
The uterus rises higher in the abdominal cavity, reaching a distance of 25 cm from the womb to the bottom of the uterus by this period. Due to this, the size of the abdomen is actively increasing, slightly hampering movements and bending forward. There is an active weight gain, there may be discomfort due to squeezing of the internal organs of the large uterus - dyspnea may occur during exercise or climbing stairs, heartburn and constipation due to bowel pressure, flatulence and nausea. It is important now to monitor nutrition so that the intestines work actively and without interruptions. You need to eat a lot of dairy products and vegetables with fruits containing vegetable fiber, it is enough to drink fluids and actively move.
The body of the mother quickly increases in volume - not only the belly grows, but also the breast area, in this period the first colostrum, a yellowish transparent liquid can be released from the nipples. It does not need to squeeze out in any case, irritation of the nipples increases the tone of the uterus. Simply wipe off the colostrum with a napkin and take a shower twice a day. In this period, the metabolism is increased and sweating can be increased, so you need to strictly monitor hygiene - you need to wear only natural linen, preferably without seams and unnecessary decorative elements, as the body size increases, you need to change the linen in time to the right size so that did not press and did not rub. The bra should support the chest well and not squeeze it, have wide straps that do not cut into the shoulders.
In this period it is important to listen to your body and its needs, to track the movement of the baby. If you do not feel the movements of the child for more than a day, consult a doctor immediately, this is a cause for alarm. You should also pay attention to the discomfort in the lumbar region, due to compression of the growing uterus of the internal organs, kidney function and urine outflow can be disrupted. It is necessary to take the knee-elbow position more often, relieving the abdominal organs. It is difficult now to find a comfortable sleeping position, it is not recommended to sleep on your back in this period, the uterus presses on the back and spine where large vessels pass, and can squeeze the inferior vena cava, leading to dizziness and nausea due to circulatory disorders. Therefore, it is worth buying a special pillow for pregnant women and choose the most optimal position for rest, on the side, preferably on the left.
Due to an increase in body weight, heaviness and pain in the legs can occur, and if they occur with enviable regularity even after short walks, it is worth consulting a phlebologist and excluding varicose veins. As the duration of pregnancy increases, varicose veins may progress - you will need to wear special compression underwear and frequent rest with your legs elevated. The doctor may recommend taking certain medications to improve blood flow and regulate blood clotting, as well as for vascular tone. Take them only under the supervision of a doctor! Daily walks are shown, but you should not walk too long, you need to give your feet a rest. If possible, try to rest and sleep during the day.
At the 25th week of pregnancy, it is worthwhile to be sensitive to any manifestations of discomfort in the body - they may indicate possible threats to pregnancy. Due to the displacement of the center of gravity and the growth of the uterus, discomfort and pain in the lower back and back may occur. This is because the ligaments that support the uterus, as well as the spine and hip joints, soften and stretch under the action of the released substance relaxin. This leads to unpleasant and painful sensations in the area of the sacrum, back, or side surfaces of the abdomen. Typically, such pains are not long-lasting and not intense, they pass after a rest or subject to certain tips. First of all, you should wear a special bandage for pregnant women, use only chairs with a backrest for sitting, regularly unload the spine and do gymnastics.
Particular attention should be paid to abdominal pain - the manifestations of pain may be different. This may be discomfort due to active movements of the fetus and shocks to the hypochondrium, then you just need to take a comfortable position and stroke your belly so that the child calms down. Abdominal pain can occur due to constipation, then you need to more strictly monitor nutrition and consult a doctor for advice and appointment of delicate laxatives.
Especially dangerous if pulling the lower abdomen - this may be the appearance of the uterus tone, the opening of the cervix in the presence of cervical insufficiency, or the onset of premature labor. Especially dangerous is the appearance of increasing bleu and contractions of the uterine wall, the appearance of bloody or brown discharge, the leakage of the amniotic fluid. Immediately call the ambulance, and urgently in the hospital. With timely assistance, you can prevent labor and bring the pregnancy before the due date.
Discharges in the twenty-fifth week
In the period of 25 weeks of pregnancy, discharge due to increased hormone levels may be somewhat more abundant. At the same time, their character should not change. Such secretions actively protect the vaginal cavity, cervix and amniotic membranes from infections, which will not allow pregnancy to be interrupted earlier, while immunity and local protection of the mucous membranes are physiologically reduced, which can lead to the development of various kinds of infections - thrush, bacterial vaginosis, and being sexually active - even to intimate infections. Normal discharge in this period is transparent or whitish, practically odorless, of a uniform consistency, without pathological impurities.
It is necessary to consult a doctor when a yellow, greenish, gray or white discharge of abundant nature, frothy, cheesy or crumb-like, purulent, with an unpleasant fishy, rotten smell appears. It is also worth to consult a doctor if the redness of the skin of the genitals, itching and burning, irritation. May also indicate a urinary incontinence with a burning sensation, an increase in the temperature of the pain in the lower abdomen The doctor will check the smear and, based on its results, prescribe adequate local or general treatment that is permissible at this time of pregnancy.
No less dangerous may be brown or bloody discharge and genital tract. They may indicate cervical pathology, the presence of cervical insufficiency, the threat of premature birth or placental abruption. Especially dangerous is the presence of such secretions in conjunction with the tone of the uterus or regular contractions, hospitalization with the treatment is needed immediately. Sometimes spotting after intimacy or examination by a doctor may indicate the presence of cervical erosion. The appearance of liquid abundant secretions may indicate the leakage of amniotic fluid - you need to purchase a test gasket at a pharmacy to determine amniotic fluid or consult a doctor. Their leakage is dangerous infection of the fetus and the onset of labor.
Sex on the 25th week
Sex this week is quite acceptable, but it is necessary to abandon the pose of a rider, a man from above, and some others, in order to eliminate the pressure on the stomach and deep penetration. Intimacy during pregnancy allows partners to relax, get closer to each other, and orgasm leads to activation of blood circulation in the uterus and placenta. It is also useful for the baby, and the released endorphins help calm the nervous system and relieve tension.
However, with the threat of premature birth, low placentation, gestation of twins or some other conditions, the doctor may impose a ban on sexual relations for several weeks or until the very birth.
Diet and weight mom
In this period, there is an active weight gain, from the beginning of pregnancy can be added about 7-9 kg, depending on the initial weight before pregnancy and body build. On average, this week a woman can add about 300-500g, with large increases, you need to see a doctor to exclude edema and correct nutrition.
The principles of nutrition remain the same - you need to eat fractional and often, there should be enough protein and vegetables, fruits, dairy products in the diet. It is necessary to correct anemia with the help of red meat, liver, pomegranates and apples, to replenish calcium reserves at the expense of dairy products, cheeses, cabbage and nuts. It is necessary to abandon the salty, spicy and spicy dishes, to control the use of sweets and white flour products. It is important to follow the drinking regime.
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At this period, a kind of milestone passes - in fact it is this period that is considered favorable for the survival of the child, if he is born ahead of time. This is very important for those moms who are pregnant with complications and strong feelings about this. Of course, the baby will not do without powerful medical support and special equipment, but he has all the chances in a few months to please the whole family back home from the department for premature newborn babies.
Mom is gaining weight with her baby - the weight of mom in the 25th week of pregnancy should increase by 6-8 kg, and the weekly increase is about 350g. The height of the bottom of the uterus in this period is 23-27 cm.
Fetus at 25 weeks gestation
The fetus in the 25th week of pregnancy begins to actively gain weight due to adipose tissue - it is gradually rounded, becoming like a newborn. Characteristic features of your child form facial features, the ears grow and move up to their proper place.This week, the inner ear is formed, which is responsible for the orientation and body position of the baby in space.
Up to 25 weeks of gestation, the liver and spleen are responsible for the formation of red blood cells in the fetus. After this period, the child’s bone marrow is fully formed, which takes over this function.
The lungs of the baby are actively developing, but they are still far from maturity. If before this time there were practically no alveoli in the lungs of the fetus — saccules in which gas exchange takes place — then after this gestation period their number begins to actively grow. A surfactant begins to form in the lungs - a substance that does not allow the alveoli to subside, which is why the human lungs are constantly straightened. It is because of the lack of a surfactant in the lungs of a child born at 25 weeks of pregnancy that almost all such babies require artificial ventilation of the lungs - because without this apparatus, their lungs subside and they cannot breathe.
The modern development of medicine has reached such a level that in special laboratories they develop synthetic surfactant, which is injected into the lungs of premature babies after birth - it has saved the lives of thousands of babies.
The muscular system of the fetus is almost formed, and the nervous system is in the process of maturation - the baby begins to actively move its arms and legs, to roll over. His movements become more coordinated - he can already grab himself by the nose or leg, touch his mother’s palm attached to his stomach. Due to the increased activity, the number and strength of perturbations increase, the child may rest against the head or limbs in the hypochondria, which causes pain in mommy.
The genital area of the baby is also actively developing - the testicles begin to descend into the scrotum, and the girls form a vagina.
In order for your baby to grow well and properly, it needs a large number and variety of nutrients - after all, its organs and systems continue to form and mature, and if there is a lack of any important element, failures can occur in the process, which will negatively affect later on the health of the baby.
The food of the future mom should be healthy and varied - it is necessary to have fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meat and fish, cereals. Since the stomach at the 25th week of pregnancy is already clearly visible due to its size, it can squeeze the stomach and intestines, causing heartburn. In addition, bowel compression, coupled with hormonal changes in the body of a pregnant woman often causes constipation. In order to avoid this unpleasant phenomenon, Mom must eat prunes, boiled beets and other products that improve the bowels.
In the 25th week of gestation, the stomach grows rather quickly - relatives can notice a significant difference in the size of the abdomen in just a week. This is due to the rapid growth of the fetus - because at this time it adds about 150 grams per week.
Every week, the stomach becomes more and more, and you start to feel clumsy and awkward, although you are still quite active. In this period, you can still actively engage in sports (best swimming), but you should pay more attention to the rest and try to avoid exercises that require good coordination. In addition, it is recommended to walk more often in the fresh air.
Often in this period, mummies start to be disturbed by dryness of the mucous membrane of the eyes - this is due to hormonal changes. This problem is solved quite simply - buy a special preparation “artificial tear” and bury it, as soon as you feel that your eyes are burning, a feeling of sand in your eyes will appear.
Quite often, women in the 25th week of pregnancy complain of the appearance of varicose veins on the legs, often causing hemorrhoids. This is due to the compression of the vena cava in the pregnant uterus. To reduce the manifestations of varicose veins, change the position of the body more often, wear special compression garments, rest with your legs elevated. If you have found hemorrhoids in yourself - consult a doctor, you will be prescribed a treatment. It should be remembered - the appearance of hemorrhoids contribute to constipation, so try to eat differently, eat more fiber, drink enough water.
The large uterus begins to squeeze the internal organs, and this is primarily manifested by the appearance of heartburn - when the stomach is compressed, the acid enters the esophagus, causing a burning sensation, nausea. In order to avoid this phenomenon, try to eat in small portions and more often. Food should be easily digestible.
A very common problem in the 25th week of pregnancy is anemia - a large amount of mother's iron goes to the construction of baby’s blood cells, and therefore the future mom can develop iron deficiency anemia. This condition can be treated with proper nutrition and taking special medications for pregnant women. To avoid anemia, you should include in your diet foods rich in iron - oatmeal, red meat and liver, lentils, raisins. In addition, your gynecologist may prescribe special medications for pregnant women to help eliminate anemia.
Another problem that may be torturing mothers in this period is insomnia. It can be difficult to cope with it, but it is possible - take a walk before bedtime, choose a comfortable sleeping position, and put your feet on the pillow. You can drink warm milk before bedtime.
The good news is that in the 25th week of pregnancy you become more feminine, your hair will become thick and shiny. Thank for this you need homo monty. Usually, closer to this date, men begin to notice that their wife has become even more beautiful.
The movements at the 25th week of pregnancy become more active and strong - after all, the baby develops its coordination. On this period, Mommy usually feels at least 3-4 pushes per hour. The baby still has enough space to behave actively, and he is using it with might and main. The kid can give mom pain, resting his legs or head in hypochondria. Most often he does this when he is uncomfortable to lie down - change the position, and the pain will pass.
If the baby suddenly began to behave too actively, gives you severe pain, or vice versa - became sluggish, and you almost do not feel his pushes, be sure to contact your doctor, because such manifestations can be a sign of any pathology in the fetus.
Possible pain in the 25th week of pregnancy
Due to the increased activity, your baby can sometimes give you painful sensations, resting from the inside on various organs or hypochondria. In addition, mommies often hurt legs, pelvis. In this period, there may be periodic pain in the lower abdomen with the tension of the muscles of the uterus - so the body prepares for childbirth. This soreness quickly passes, especially when changing positions. If the pain is very severe, accompanied by bloody or copious watery discharge - seek medical attention immediately, this may well be a sign of premature birth.
Of course, twin pregnancy does not proceed as usual, because a double load is placed on the mother’s body, which means that the threat of premature birth is quite large. Many mummies are reassured by the fact that babies are already quite mature at birth at 25 weeks of gestation, and with the support of doctors, they have every chance to survive.
Can I have sex?
Sex in the 25th week of pregnancy is contraindicated only in case of the threat of premature birth and poor health of the mother. If the pregnancy proceeds normally, there is no reason to deny yourself and your husband the pleasure - just try to pick up such postures that are comfortable for mommy, and not make too sharp and intense movements.
In addition, pay special attention to the presence of genital diseases in the partner - after all, infection with sexually transmitted infections at this time can be dangerous for the child. If you have health doubts about your partner, use condoms.
Required studies and analyzes
In this trimester of pregnancy, you attend a maternity clinic on a monthly basis. This is a very suitable time to visit, and you will need to take a blood test, urine test, an ultrasound scan.
Ultrasonography at 25 weeks gestation allows not only to assess the development of the fetus, but also to determine the amount of amniotic fluid, the state of the placenta. In addition, at this time it is already possible to determine the sex of your baby.
At the reception in the antenatal clinic, the doctor will examine you, determine the presence of edema, weigh and measure the height of the uterus, the circumference of the abdomen.
According to the analysis, it will be possible to say whether your kidneys are functioning normally, whether there is anemia.
The period of twenty-five weeks is the so-called psychological period, when a woman already fully feels like a mom, being with a crumb not only in close physical, but also psycho-emotional contact. The most vivid memories of their stay in the womb in adults, arise and are deposited on a subconscious level at this very moment.
The physical and emotional well-being of the baby is strongly influenced by the mood of the woman, to which the crumb reacts instantly. Every day he reminds his mother of his presence with light shocks and gradually prepares for birth.
The body of the child is already well developed, but so far he is ill prepared for life outside the uterus. It will take several more weeks for the baby to have every chance of life in the event of a premature birth.
Ailments at this time are represented by the occurrence of edema and varicose veins, affecting the lower extremities. If the future mommy begins to notice the development of these abnormalities, they should be immediately referred to a doctor for stopping them. In most cases, women are advised to use venotonics, wear compression underwear, keep an active lifestyle and go to the swimming pool, as water treatments are a great way to eliminate varicose veins initially.
To eliminate edema, you will need to perform a light self-massage and lie with your lower limbs raised up. These two problems should not be taken lightly, otherwise you can provoke further development of ills, fraught with serious consequences.
Another problem that women face in the situation is anemia, which occurs against the background of a lack of glandular compounds in the blood. The reduced level of hemoglobin, which ensures the transport function of oxygen molecules throughout the body, is caused by its active consumption by the developing body of the baby. This blood-forming element is necessary for him as well as his mother.
Anemia in women is manifested in tachycardia, lethargy, dizziness, drowsiness, irritability, tinnitus and a slight increase in temperature. To eliminate these problems, the gynecologist assigns the menu menu to Mommy, which is rich in iron-containing products. In advanced cases, drugs will be prescribed.
During this period, the uterus continues to grow, leading to an increase in the abdomen by about a centimeter weekly. The bottom of the uterus has risen to a height of 25 centimeters from the level of the navel. At each appointment with the gynecologist, the doctor will measure this indicator in order to monitor the progress of the gestation. If the height of its bottom is less than the normative indicators, the gynecologist may suspect problems in the development of the baby, placental insufficiency or other serious pathologies.
Due to the growth of the uterus and the fetus inside it, the belly increases. For a period of twenty-five weeks, its size is already beginning to cause discomfort in a woman. The uterus shifts and squeezes the internal organs of the pelvic floor and leads to disruptions in their work.
Due to its effect on the gastrointestinal tract, a woman in a position faces a number of ailments. She has severe heartburn resulting from the discharge of fluid from the stomach into the esophagus. To eliminate this trouble, it is necessary to eat often, but in small portions. In addition to heartburn, the future mommy may develop hemorrhoids, resulting from frequent problems with defecation. If you have constipation, you should review your diet by adding high fiber foods to your diet. For hemorrhoids, the doctor will prescribe special suppositories that will help stop the illness.
The uterus also puts pressure on the bladder, leading to frequent visits to the toilet, which pursue the woman until the end of gestation. Gynecologists recommend not to tolerate and go to the toilet when necessary, because in this way, you can avoid inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system.
Due to the increased blood volume, the pressure on the large vessels rises, making it harder for the normal circulatory function of the blood. Due to stagnation of a vital substance, varicose veins develop and edema develops in the lower limbs.
Also, a rapid increase in the abdomen provokes stretching of the skin, which leads to the appearance of stretch marks in the abdominal region. In order to prevent their occurrence, you must begin to use special cosmetics from stretch marks from the very beginning of carrying a fetus.
Carefully follow the weight gain. At this stage, when toxicosis and nausea have receded, the wife begins to pursue a constant feeling of hunger. If she does not control him, she will quickly gain weight, which will negatively affect her health and the health of the baby.
You can also find out what changes and feelings accompany 26 weeks of pregnancy. And also what recommendations give gynecologists, what kind of food is necessary for mommy and baby and much more. All the necessary information you will find in this article.
SARS and elevated temperature
Pregnant women often suffer from colds, due to the fact that their immune system is weakened during this period. The future mommy can get infected from any carrier of a viral infection. When the first signs of the disease appear, it is necessary to start treatment immediately, which the doctor must prescribe. Only a specialist can pick up such drugs that do not harm the baby and help get rid of the disease.
If the temperature readings do not exceed 37.5 degrees, you do not need to shoot them down. In the second and third trimester, the temperature rise to these indicators is considered normal and does not pose any danger to the child. If it rises to 38, you need to drink antipyretic, which the doctor prescribed, as a strong temperature can seriously harm the child. You can reduce it not only with pills, but also with cool rubdowns and abundant drinking.
You can get rid of cough, runny nose and sore throat with herbal infusions and inhalations. With a complicated course of the disease, the therapist will select such drugs that quickly stop a cold and will not harm the fetus.
To avoid ARVI during an epidemic, it is necessary not to overcool. In the heat in the first place should be lower limbs and lower back. Avoid places with large crowds of people, and if this fails to be done, you need to wear a mask.
The apartment should be ventilated more often, and for the prevention of the disease, black radish juice, onions and garlic should be included in the menu. You can also use prophylactic anti-cold ointment.
Vaginal discharge at 25 weeks gestation
Selection at the twenty-fifth week of pregnancy should be transparent or have a whitish hue, uniform consistency and no unpleasant smell. If there are any abnormalities, you should immediately contact your gynecologist.
At this time, the amniotic fluid can often leak, giving the secretions a yellowish tint and a rarefied consistency. After passing the examination, the doctor will identify the cause of the leakage and refer the woman to inpatient treatment. This condition is very dangerous for the life of the baby, so it should be stopped as soon as possible.
Discharges that have a cheesy consistency and sour smell indicate the development of thrush, which occurs as a result of decreased immunity. It is not dangerous for the baby, but if the infection starts, thrush can harm his health.
Preterm birth in the 25th week of pregnancy
The twenty fifth week of gestation is considered the time when a child can already live outside the womb. Thus, if he is born prematurely, it can be saved, but for this it is necessary to observe a number of conditions. However, it should be noted that it is far from always possible to save a child, since some of his systems have not been sufficiently improved for life outside the maternal organism.
If a baby was born in a hospital setting where there is a neonatology department and special life support equipment, then a child born prematurely has chances to stay alive. In the incubator, where the crumb will be placed, the required temperature is maintained and equipment is installed to ensure the respiratory function, since the respiratory system is not fully developed. Further development of the crumbs depends on its endurance and on the care of medical staff.
The development of internal organs
Also for the twenty-fifth week of gestation, characterized by the improvement of the internal organs of the fetus, which were laid earlier. The heart of the crumbs is fully formed and performs the functionality entrusted to it - pumps blood, contributing to its progress through the vascular network, through which it spreads throughout the body. The lungs are almost finished forming and they begin to synthesize a surfactant - a substance that, after the first breath of a child, will help the lungs to open.
The brain continues to evolve at an active pace. There is a formation of neural cellular structures and connections that improve the mental and analytical abilities of the fetus. The bone marrow is responsible for blood formation, and after all earlier the liver and the spleen were responsible for it. In male babies, the genitals are fully developed. In girls, there are ovaries and the vagina continues to form.
What does the gynecologist check
At each visit to the antenatal clinic, the doctor listens not only to how the baby’s heart beats, but also determines the position of the fetus in the uterus. For a period of twenty-five weeks, many children occupy the correct position in the uterus head down. Such an arrangement allows the crumbs to easily come to light. However, not all children at this stage turn over.
There is no need to worry about this, since this stage of the child’s development is not yet a deadline for the baby to take the right position. As long as there is enough space in the uterus for somersaults and other actions of the fetus, therefore, it is possible that it will roll over a bit later when the space for pirouettes becomes significantly less.
Ultrasound in the 25th week of pregnancy
At the twenty-fifth week of gestation, an ultrasound scan is not considered a routine procedure. He is prescribed only if the woman has any ailments or test results that cause the doctor suspicion. If the fetus is proceeding normally, the ultrasound will be performed only in the third trimester. Without the need, this procedure is undesirable.
Based on the image on the monitor, the specialist will take measurements of the body of the baby and determine whether it corresponds to the degree of development of this period. The maturity of the placenta and the state of the amniotic fluid will also be examined. The sex of the baby at this time is already well defined, so the doctor will be able to voice it without problems.
The gynecologist prescribes a vitamin-mineral complex in the second trimester of gestation for the purpose of replenishing the missing vitamins that a woman cannot obtain from food.
Some future moms get their own vitamins at the pharmacy and take them according to the instructions, but in no case should this be done. These drugs and their dosage should be set only by the doctor, taking into account the state of the pregnant woman and the baby, as well as the flow of gestation.
Sex in the 25th week of pregnancy
Intimating at the twenty-fifth week of gestation is practically the same as before the pregnancy, except for the fact that it becomes more tender and tidy. There are no restrictions in sex, the only thing that should not be is pressure on the stomach and prohibitions from the doctor.
Bans on intimate life is imposed in the case of multiple pregnancies, miscarriages in the past, pathologies in the development of the fetus and a difficult period of gestation. The rest of the sex will only benefit.
Despite some ailments for a period of twenty-five weeks, there is no need to panic, they pursue every mommy and disappear only after giving birth.
The woman’s health is in her hands, so she should tune in to the positive and quietly wait for the early appearance of the crumbs into the world, which will pass easily and calmly if mommy approaches this issue responsibly.
What happens to the fetus at week 25?
The baby’s weight is approximately 700 g. In length, the baby has grown from head to foot up to 33-34 cm. Normally, the fetus's heart rate is 120-160 beats per minute.
The fetus at 25 weeks of gestation is quite agile and actively responds to external influences. Therefore, its position in the uterus seriously changes from longitudinal to transverse and oblique and vice versa. If the period is 25 weeks gestation, how the fetus is located is not very important, since this condition may change several times.
In this period, the nervous system and receptor apparatus are highly developed, therefore, when the 25th week of pregnancy comes, fetal movement occurs actively, depending on the state of the mother and surrounding influences. The baby must move regularly, this is one of the signs of normal development.
At the 25th week of pregnancy, the following changes occur in the internal organs of the child:
- In the lungs, respiratory alveoli differentiate, which will gradually develop and be filled with surfactant and prepare for the first breath.
- The cartilage of the auricle is still ripe - at the birth of a premature baby, the approximate lag of the baby from the required period is determined by the auricle.
- The liver and spleen are no longer involved in the production of blood cells. Fully works the bone marrow of the baby.
- Changing the musculoskeletal system. Bones become strong, and muscles actively differentiate.
- Undergo development and reproductive organs. In boys, the scrotum forms, and in girls the development of the vagina ends.
Continue their formation of auricles. Their condition is of paramount importance to doctors.
The fact is that in the case of premature births, the degree of the baby’s full term is determined by how well the cartilage has formed. Complete their development genitals. In boys, the testicles descend into the scrotum, and in girls, the vagina begins to form.
The head of the little pigeon already weighs 100 grams, and of course, it develops with extraordinary speed. Your burly man sees the light perfectly, and he may even wake him up.
In addition, the noise or shaking can serve as a “lift” for the baby — but at night, when you peacefully rest in your bed, the baby will not wake up. In addition, the baby reacts to the taste of fetal waters. And of course, coordination of movements - the baby moves her fingers better and clenches her fists. And he can always give preference to the same hand (say the right).
Changes occurring in the body of a pregnant
At week 25, pregnant women become more clumsy and cumbersome. Weight gain averages from 7 to 8.5 kg. The uterus rises above the edge of the womb by 25 cm and it is for this indicator that the doctor can judge the normal development of the child - if its bottom is lower, this may indicate some lag in development. The breast of the future mother also undergoes some changes - it becomes full, poured, and colostrum can be released from the nipples, which is the "forerunner" of lactation.
Drastic changes in the mother's body at 25 weeks of gestation are also predetermined by the action of prolactin. Increasing the size of the bust is temporary - for the period of breastfeeding.
It is recommended to change the bra one or two sizes larger in order to prevent the formation of stretch marks on the chest. To prepare the mammary glands for feeding the child, a rigid tissue pad between the bra and the nipple should be placed.
The enlarged uterus often presses on the diaphragm of women, because of which the stomach shifts and the expectant mother suffers from severe heartburn. Sometimes she can feel strange rhythmic pushes in the stomach, when the baby swallows too much amniotic fluid and starts to hiccup. They should not cause concern to the expectant mother, but if they occur too often, they should be reported to the doctor.
At this time, two unpleasant and dangerous problems, hemorrhoids and varicose veins, may lie in wait for the pregnant woman. At the first signs of these diseases, it is better to immediately consult a specialist, take tests and begin appropriate treatment.
Some women in the lower abdomen experience light pulling or short-term sharp pains, and sometimes they are caused by active movements of the baby, and sometimes due to the increased tone of the uterus, therefore the gynecologist must necessarily be aware of any unpleasant feelings of his ward.
A fairly common problem of the second and third trimester is a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood, or in other words, iron deficiency anemia. The fact is that for the development of the body the fetus needs iron, and it begins to “take” it from the mother’s blood. If the test results show low hemoglobin content, the doctor will prescribe iron supplements to the pregnant woman.
Recommendations for 25 weeks gestation
Eating a healthy diet during this period is crucial. It is necessary to control not only the qualitative composition of food, but also its quantity. It is recommended to eat and drink often, but in small portions, so as not to burden the digestive organs, which are already squeezed by the uterus. In the diet, preference is given to lean meats, dairy products, cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits. Proper nutrition is not just a standard whim of doctors.
It is food that becomes a source of energy and structural material for the growth of a baby, so the health of an emerging child directly depends on the quality of food.
The diet will help to normalize the stool if a woman sometimes has constipation. Natural laxatives are, for example, prunes and dried apricots. In addition to the additional functional load, the woman's liver is also squeezed mechanically. Relieve her condition will help the refusal of fatty foods, smoked meats and spicy dishes.