Diet for atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis (from the Greek. Ateros - gruel, chaff, sclerosis - dense, solid) is a serious disease of the arteries and veins, which occurs as a result of a violation of lipid metabolism and is accompanied by the accumulation of cholesterol on the inner walls of blood vessels. All deposits are in the form of plaques that begin to grow over time due to connective tissue. If you do not carry out timely treatment, the walls of blood vessels begin to deform and contract in consequence, completely closing the blood flow. Atherosclerosis is a fairly close disease to Menkeberg's atherosclerosis disease. However, in the second case, the deposits consist of calcium salts and lead to aneurysm (thinning of the vessel walls, leading to their rupture).

The plaques begin to develop from lipid spots, which over time become overgrown with additional vessels. They are quite fragile and thrombosis begins to develop upon rupture. The development of atherosclerosis is ischemic disease, stroke and other diseases associated with the cardiovascular system.

Diagnosis of the disease is carried out only by a cardiologist by interviewing the patient, listening to the noises of the main vessels, determining the level of cholesterol, capillary response, lipid balance, X-ray, ultrasound, angiography, Doppler sonography. In the later stages of the disease, surgery is performed by an open method or by balloon catheterization. The choice of treatment method depends on the location and level of vasoconstriction.

Varieties of atherosclerosis

Depending on the location of the disease, there are several main types of atherosclerosis:

  • Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries - leads to coronary heart disease.
  • Atherosclerosis of cerebral arteries - leads to a stroke.
  • Atherosclerosis of limb arteries - leads to dry gangrene, limping.
  • Atherosclerosis of the mesenteric arteries - leads to heart attack and intestinal ischemia.
  • Atherosclerosis of the renal arteries - leads to the formation of a Goldblatt kidney.

Causes

There are a number of causes of atherosclerosis, which depend, as well as on hereditary predisposition, as well as on lifestyle and previous associated diseases. So there are several main causes of atherosclerosis:

  • Bad habits (smoking, alcoholism),
  • Sedentary and sedentary lifestyle
  • Violation of the protective functions of the body and lipid-protein metabolism,
  • Viruses (cytomegalovirus, herpes, etc.),
  • The accumulation in the body of toxins and heavy metals,
  • Hereditary defects of vessel walls,
  • The defeat of the walls of chlamydia mushrooms,
  • Age-related changes in hormonal synthesis,
  • High cholesterol and blood lipids,
  • Obesity and diabetes,
  • Malnutrition, which contains a large amount of fat and carbohydrates and a small amount of protein and fiber,
  • Nervous tension (constant stress, depression),
  • Chronic high blood pressure
  • Postmenopausal period in women.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

Clinical manifestations of the disease often do not correspond to the real picture of vascular lesions. With a sufficiently strong vascular lesion, different symptoms may occur depending on the location of the affected vessels:

  • Numbness of limbs and facial muscles,
  • Dizziness,
  • Slurred speech
  • Sudden blindness
  • Angina,
  • Heart attack
  • Burning or pressing chest pain,
  • Decreased memory and attentiveness
  • Cold in limbs
  • Discoloration of the skin of the limbs to a purple-bluish tint,
  • The defeat of the iliac veins leads to impotence,
  • Trophic ulcers, gangrene,
  • Abdominal toad,

Sometimes the extent of the lesion can only be determined as a result of an autopsy.

General recommendations

When treating atherosclerosis, one should adhere to a special diet, exercise therapy, create comfortable psychological conditions that exclude unnecessary stress and excitement. The purpose of proper nutrition is to reduce the level of lipids in the blood and slow down the atherosclerotic process. The most favorable methods of cooking are boiling, stewing, baking or steaming.

Healthy foods

  • Bread from rye flour, bran and flour of 1-2 grades, whole grain bread, and biscuit,
  • Vegetable broths, soups, milk with the addition of cereals (buckwheat, yachka, wheat, oatmeal),
  • Boiled or baked white poultry or lean beef,
  • Seafood - lean fish, clams and sea kale,
  • Quail eggs or chicken egg omelet,
  • Raw and steamed vegetables, as well as salads from them (cabbage, carrots, beets, pumpkin, zucchini, zucchini, cauliflower, broccoli, eggplants, etc.),
  • Low-fat milk and fermented milk products (kefir, sour cream, cheese)
  • Unsweetened or medium sweet fruits and berries (raspberries, currants, apples, pears, plums, etc.),
  • Dried fruit compotes and uzvaras,
  • Liquids (fresh juices, weak tea and coffee),
  • astringent oils for salads (olive, linseed).

Folk remedies for atherosclerosis

The recipe for the breakdown and removal of cholesterol from the body.

To prepare the medicinal mixture, you should mix and grind the following dry ingredients on a coffee grinder: soy lecithin and pine nuts (500 g each), crystalline fiber (340 g), walnut and pumpkin seeds (300 g each), sesame and caraway seeds ( 100 g) and nutmeg (50 g). A single dose of the mixture is 3 tbsp. l., which must be mixed with honey (1 tsp.). The course of treatment should be carried out for at least six months. In the first three months, it is necessary to take it on an empty stomach 3 times a day, the other two months - 2 times a day (in the morning and in the evening), and the last month should be taken only for the night.

Garlic tincture for cleaning vessels.

Half-liter bottle of dark glass should be filled with 1/3 finely chopped garlic and top up with vodka or alcohol. Keep the tincture in a warm place for 14 days. The finished medicine should be taken once a day before meals, starting with 2 drops. Every day, you should increase the dose by one drop, and when the number of drops reaches 25, start the same gradual reduction in dosage. At the end of the course, you must take a 2-week break and repeat the reception in the same way.

Dangerous and harmful products in atherosclerosis

During the period of medical treatment and during the diet from the diet of the patient should be excluded:

  • Alcohol and tobacco
  • Sugar,
  • Red meats (pork, beef, lamb), offal (liver, kidney, heart, brains),
  • Smoked meats and sausages,
  • Fatty fish varieties, caviar,
  • Fatty dairy products
  • Cereals with a high glycemic index (rice, pasta, semolina),
  • Sweet desserts, fruits and dried fruits (honey, sugar, ice cream, cream cakes, grapes, dried apricots, raisins, peach),
  • Fried food,
  • Carbonated drinks,
  • Bread and bakery products made from high-grade flour,
  • Factory sauces.

General rules

Initial signs atherosclerosis blood vessels can even be seen in children of ten. The initial stage is characterized by the appearance of spots and streaks in the artery wall, which contain lipids (stage lipidosis). Lipid spots in 10 years occupy 10% of the aortic surface, and by the age of 25 30-50% of the surface.

In coronary arteries, lipidosis develops earlier and occurs as early as 10–15 years old, and lipidosis of cerebral vessels by 35–45 years. It is at this initial stage that the treatment is most effective. Nutrition plays an important role in this. It turns out that the prevention of atherosclerosis must be addressed from childhood.

Increase in blood free cholesterol and LDL fractions leads to the progression of atherosclerosis: an atherosclerotic plaque grows, a narrowing of the artery progresses, and the blood supply to the organ is disturbed. When blood flow deficit is 50-70%, clinical signs develop.

In atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries, numbness in the arms or legs or weakness in them, impaired speech appear. With the defeat of the coronary vessels angina pectoris. In such cases, anti-atherosclerotic therapy, treatment of the disease caused by atherosclerosis and therapeutic nutrition are prescribed.

Diet for atherosclerosis is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease. Its goal is to eliminate metabolic disorders, reduce weight and improve blood circulation. The general principles are a decrease in the diet of animal fat and carbohydrates (fast, easily digestible).

Vegetables with coarse fiber are boiled or stewed, boiled meat and fish. Food is organized 5 times a day in small portions.

All animal products to some extent contain cholesterol and 20% of it comes from food, and the remaining 80% is produced in the body. It is low density cholesterol that plays a role in the development of this disease, and high density prevents the formation of plaques. Modern man cannot completely abandon animal products.

Diet atherosclerosis of heart vessels, as in the case of atherosclerosis of other vessels, permits the periodic use of these products, but with a low content of cholesterol. Of course, you need to abandon the "cholesterol concentrates": brains, by-products, egg yolk, as well as dangerous trans fats (mayonnaise, margarine). Allowed to use a little butter.

According to studies, it is not cholesterol in foods that is dangerous, but the lack of sufficient amount of fiber in food, which is supplied by vegetables, fruits, and bran. The real enemies of this disease are refined carbohydrates. Therefore, in atherosclerosis of the aorta and blood vessels of the heart are limited sugar, flour products, potatoes and baked goods in the form of semi-finished products.

Considering that aortic atherosclerosis observed in people over 50 suffering obese and attendant diabetes mellitusthen restricting carbohydrates will only benefit. Violation of the structure of the vascular wall of the aorta leads to the formation of an aneurysm, which increases and becomes thinner and may lead to rupture of this large artery.

Varieties

There are two dietary options.

The first option for those without obesity: protein content - 90-100 g (half of them are of animal origin), fats - 80 g (half of vegetable), carbohydrates - 350-400 g (50 g of sugar per day in all dishes). Caloric content of this food option is 2600-2700 kcal.

The second option is assigned with concomitant obesity and has a reduced amount of fat (up to 70 g per day), carbohydrates (300 g) and caloric content (2200 kcal).

Table 10C appointed when:

I option Table 10C for patients with normal weight, option II - with obesity.

Permitted Products

Vegetable soups, soup, beetroot soup, vegetarian soups with potatoes and a small amount of cereals (all but semolina and rice) are allowed.

Meat and poultry need to choose low-fat varieties and serve boiled and baked, chopped or a piece.

The basis of the weekly diet should be fish and seafood, including sea kale.

Garnish is prepared from cabbage of all kinds, carrots, beets, eggplants, zucchini, pumpkins, potatoes and green peas. Freshly consumed cucumbers, white cabbage, tomatoes, lettuce, greens.

Sitting at the table, you need to fill half a plate of vegetable salad, 2/3 of the remaining half of porridge, and the rest with protein foods. Vinaigrettes and salads seasoned with vegetable oil are allowed from appetizers, daily sea cabbage consumption, aspic from fish and meat, soaked herring, low-salted cheese, low-fat ham and diet sausages are required.

Bread is allowed wheat, rye, and also from soy flour, peeled, corn, with bran. Dry butter biscuits. Baked products are made with the addition of wheat bran and without salt. The filling can be cottage cheese, cabbage, fish or meat.

Milk and dairy products consume reduced fat, low-fat cottage cheese or 5% and 9% fat, sour cream is allowed only in dishes. Eggs are allowed up to 3 pieces per week and cook them soft-boiled or in the form of omelets. From buckwheat, oatmeal, millet and barley cereals crumbly porridges, croutons and casseroles with the addition of vegetables or cottage cheese are prepared.

Fruits and berries consumed raw, compote, jelly. They are prepared semi-sweet or xylitol. If necessary, sauces are prepared on vegetable broth, dairy and tomato, dressed with sour cream. Lack of weak tea with milk, coffee drinks, weak coffee, vegetable juices, berry or fruit is allowed.

Daily intake of dogrose broth and wheat bran. Dietary butter and vegetable oils are used for cooking and in dishes. Enrich your diet with fresh garlic, if there are no contraindications from the gastrointestinal tract. It is a good anti-sclerotic agent. Fenugreek seeds and flax seed, ground in a coffee grinder, must be regularly added to food, as they contribute to lower cholesterol levels.

Vegetables and greens

greenery2,60,45,236 eggplants1,20,14,524 beans6,00,18,557 zucchini0,60,34,624 cabbage1,80,14,727 broccoli3,00,45,228 cauliflower1,80,34,029 onion1,40,010,441 carrot1,30,16,932 cucumbers0,80,12,815 pepper salad1,30,05,327 salad1,20,31,312 beet1,50,18,840 celery0,90,12,112 soy34,917,317,3381 asparagus1,90,13,120 tomatoes0,60,24,220 Jerusalem artichoke2,10,112,861 pumpkin1,30,37,728 beans7,80,521,5123 garlic6,50,529,9143 lentils24,01,542,7284 avocado2,020,07,4208 oranges0,90,28,136 Garnet0,90,013,952 grapefruit0,70,26,529 pears0,40,310,942 kiwi1,00,610,348 lemons0,90,13,016 mango0,50,311,567 tangerines0,80,27,533 nectarine0,90,211,848 peaches0,90,111,346 apples0,40,49,847 Red currants0,60,27,743 black currant1,00,47,344

Nuts and dried fruits

the nuts15,040,020,0500 cashew nuts25,754,113,2643 sesame19,448,712,2565 flax seeds18,342,228,9534 fenugreek seeds23,06,458,3323 sunflower seeds20,752,93,4578

Cereals and cereals

buckwheat12,63,362,1313 oat groats12,36,159,5342 cereals11,97,269,3366 millet groats11,53,369,3348 barley grits10,41,366,3324

Sausages

cooked dietary sausage12,113,50,0170 chicken fillet23,11,20,0110 turkey19,20,70,084

Fish and seafood

a fish18,54,90,0136 squids21,22,82,0122 mussels9,11,50,050 sea ​​kale0,85,10,049

Oils and fats

butter0,582,50,8748 linseed oil0,099,80,0898 olive oil0,099,80,0898 sunflower oil0,099,90,0899

Fully or partially restricted products

Completely exclude products from puff and sweet dough, meat, fish, and mushroom broths. You can not fatty varieties of pork, cooking oils, duck, goose, kidneys, brains, liver, sausages, canned food and all kinds of smoked meats.

Under the ban fatty fish, canned fish and caviar, salted and smoked fish. Do not eat fatty cheese and cream, cottage cheese and sour cream. The ban on the use of radish, radish, sorrel, spinach and mushrooms. You can not chocolate, ice cream, products with cream. Of the sauces can not eat meat, fish, mushrooms, mustard. Prohibited strong tea and coffee, cocoa.

Limit egg yolks, rice, semolina and pasta, mayonnaise, horseradish. With obesity - grapes, sugar, honey, raisins, jam can be rarely and in minimal quantities.

Lecithin - the most important product for atherosclerosis

The disease is associated with impaired lipid metabolism. Such a failure provokes the accumulation in the blood of the so-called "bad" cholesterol. As a result, “cholesterol plaques” are formed. It is they, postponing the walls of blood vessels, are the main danger.

At the place of plaque formation, the vessel becomes fragile, its lumen is narrowed. The affected area can trigger a stroke or heart attack. For this reason, the main tasks in the program for the treatment of atherosclerosis and diseases of the cardiovascular nature are the fight against elevated cholesterol and blood pressure.

The main causes of lipid metabolism disorders include:

Unbalanced diet when eaten with foods high in animal fat.

The mechanism of regulation of cholesterol in the human body is as follows: lipoproteins and their associated cholesterol are influenced by lecithin. The latter is a complex of lipids. Lecithin is able to reduce blood cholesterol levels due to its chemical properties. Thus, 1 lecithin molecule can bind and remove from the body as many as 3 cholesterol molecules.

Thus, reducing cholesterol in the blood can be achieved by eating foods rich in lecithin:

However, the daily dose of lecithin can be obtained only by eating 0.5 kg of the above products.

Increasing the dose of lecithin several times per day contributes to a sufficient reduction in cholesterol levels. In addition, it is an effective prophylactic against cardiovascular diseases caused by atherosclerosis.

The main sources of lecithin

Lecithin is not unreasonably considered a building material for the cells of the whole organism. With the help of this complex, the children's organism grows and develops, and the adult's body supports strength and health.

A sufficient amount of lecithin is contained in the following products:

Beef and chicken liver,

The body is able to independently produce lecithin. But with age, the function of its production decreases, so a well-designed diet will allow to saturate the cells of lecithin and improve health.

Confectionery

jam0,30,263,0263 jam0,30,156,0238 candies4,319,867,5453 pastry cream0,226,016,5300 biscuit7,511,874,9417 ice cream3,76,922,1189 cake4,423,445,2407 chocolate5,435,356,5544

Garlic clears blood vessels from plaques

Garlic is known for its antimicrobial and antiviral properties. But this is where its useful features are not limited to:

On the part of the cardiovascular system of the substance, allicin, which is part of garlic, affects a special blood enzyme that is responsible for the synthesis of cholesterol in the blood. clogging the walls of blood vessels.

On the part of the circulatory system, garlic is an effective prophylactic against the formation of blood clots and blood thinning. It is important to note that regular and sufficient use of garlic reduces the amount of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of large vessels. Under the influence of garlic increases the density and elasticity of large vessels. There is evidence that long-term and regular intake of garlic leads, though not to a significant, but still positive effect of reducing blood pressure in persons suffering from arterial hypertension.

On the part of the heart muscle, garlic is a unique product with an antioxidant effect. Thus, garlic reduces the risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic disease, aortic atherosclerosis and large vessels.

From the onset and development of oncological diseases, it has been scientifically proven that substances in garlic are able to slow carcinogenesis in the lungs, mammary glands, colon and stomach. And as you know, carcinogens are the main cause of mutation of the body cells.

Allicin is the most useful substance in the composition of garlic. It gives garlic a specific taste and aroma. In addition, certain sulfur compounds contribute to the effective and diverse use of garlic.

Garlic recipe

Cholesterol plaques are absorbed by the use of the following composition:

1 cup minced garlic,

Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. The duration of admission is 30 days.

Then conduct a course of another composition:

1 cup chopped onion,

Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. You can mix 1 teaspoon of the mixture with milk and drink it half an hour before meals also three times a day. The duration of admission is also 30 days.

Omega-3 for vessels

To date, a medical examination has been carried out among the peoples of the Far North. As a result, a unique discovery was made: the older generation of the Greenland Eskimos lacks signs of atherosclerosis. Researchers are primarily interested in the diet of these peoples and found that their daily food is raw or frozen raw fish. Otherwise it is called planed.

The complex effect of such a diet on the condition of the blood vessels of the Eskimos was revealed.

The effect was striking, aimed at:

Normalization of blood pressure

Decreased blood viscosity.

The fish has a unique fat composition, which contains quite a lot of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and since the product is not amenable to heat treatment, the Eskimos get these fats in full. As a result, the state of the vessels in these peoples was diagnosed similar to the state of the vessels in infants.

Ginkgo biloba for atherosclerosis and to improve memory

The unique composition of ginkgo biloba helps to improve the condition of blood vessels, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, and improves memory functions.

The main function of biloba is the normalization of the circulating function of the blood, and positive changes are observed even at the level of microcirculation in the thinnest vessels of the brain. The beneficial effect on blood vessels is noted in increasing their strength and elasticity.

Ginkgo biloba is effective as a stimulant in the brain. Along with this, the effect of ginkgo has a calming effect on the activity of the nervous system, nervousness is reduced and completely eliminated.

The effectiveness of taking ginkgo biloba is associated with a number of changes, including:

Improving the level of performance, both in mental and physical aspects,

Improving memory properties

Increase concentration.

Especially noticeable results of treatment in older people. The process of memory loss slows down even in Alzheimer's patients.

In addition, indications for the use of ginkgo biloba are:

Syndrome of vegetative dystonia.

To date, these drugs have become quite popular, and therefore common. Ginkgo biloba is easy to get at the pharmacy. The range of prices and forms of release is large enough and allows you to choose the drug for different wallet and preferences. However, to ensure product quality, ask if the manufacturer has a GMP certificate.

Ginkgo biloba preparations have practically no contraindications, except for certain forms of diathesis and individual intolerance to the components of this remedy.

Cooking at home

If it is possible to get ginkgo leaves (India, China, a number of tropical countries), then you can prepare the tincture at home: 1 part of dried and crushed leaves is poured with 10 parts of vodka or alcohol. Insist the mixture for 14 days in a glass container in a dark cool place. Then filter. Reception on 10-20 drops in 15-20 minutes before each meal.

The course of treatment is 30 days. Then follows a break of 1-2 weeks and re-admission. If problems with memory and blood vessels are serious enough, then the reception can be continuous for 3 months.

Education: In 2005, he completed an internship at the First Moscow State Medical University named after I. M. Sechenov and received a diploma in the specialty “Neurology”. In 2009, graduate school in the specialty "Nervous Diseases".

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15 scientifically proven beneficial properties of sesame!

Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease of the blood vessels, in which cholesterol and other fats in the form of patches and plaques are deposited on the inner wall of the arteries, and the walls themselves become denser and lose their elasticity. Vessels gradually become hard due to the settling of fats and lime on the walls, lose their elasticity and.

Herbal medicine as a method of treatment, according to doctors, can be effective in atherosclerosis. Medicinal herbs are often used as auxiliary means to enhance the effects of pharmaceutical preparations, and also as the main method of treatment of the disease. The opinion of many patients about.

Atherosclerosis of the lower extremities is a group of pathological processes that affect the main blood vessels of the lower extremities and constitute a progressive disruption of the blood supply to the tissues due to narrowing (stenosis) or blockage (occlusion) of the arteries. The term "obliterating" by.

Atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart is a chronic disease affecting this elastic artery. It is characterized by the formation of one or several foci of lipid deposits, called atheromatous plaques, on the inner lining of the cardiac aorta. As.

Atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels is a steadily progressive systemic lesion of the vessels located in the corresponding organ. In medicine, you can find other definitions of this disease, for example, atherosclerosis of the cerebral type or atherosclerotic lesion of cerebral vessels, but the essence remains the same.

The opinion that the diet is unpleasant and even painful has taken root in the minds of the majority, because it forces us to abandon most of the “tasty” foods for the sake of “useful. However, the list of approved products for atherosclerosis is quite wide. The main rule of nutrition in the atherosclerotic process.

Many, if not all, at least once in their life noticed the bright manifestations of unpleasant symptoms that characterize the beginning of organic changes in the brain: unreasonable headaches, ringing and tinnitus, memory problems, photopsia (false light in the eyes), etc. the symptoms speak of cerebral ischemia, or, more simply, cerebral circulation violation.

Principles of eating atherosclerosis

The peculiarity of nutrition with high cholesterol is the daily intake of as many calories as the body has consumed. It is very important to calculate the proportion of the intake of proteins, trace elements necessary for the body, the amount of fat, and also vitamins.

It is necessary to strictly monitor the consumption of carbohydrates, it is especially dangerous in case of atherosclerosis to eat simple carbohydrates, which carry in themselves low-molecular-weight lipoproteins.

The individuality of the diet in the pathology of atherosclerosis is as follows:

  • Meal frequency up to six times a day
  • Food should be balanced
  • Do not eat smoked and frying products,
  • To spend fasting days. The rules for unloading the body during a diet must be agreed with the attending doctor,
  • To introduce a restriction on the use of ready-made sauces, as well as seasonings,
  • Limit the amount of salt consumed to 2.0 grams per day,
  • Cook the first dishes in vegetable broth,
  • The maximum quantity in the menu should be occupied by vegetables (up to 60.0%).

First of all, in case of atherosclerosis pathology, there should not be such products in the patient's diet:

  • Completely exclude sugar from the menu, as well as minimize the consumption of honey and no more than 2 times for 7 days,
  • Do not eat foods that have a lot of glucose,
  • Eliminate the use of alcoholic beverages,
  • Stop smoking,
  • Meat varieties with a large amount of fat, as well as the use of offal,
  • Canned fish and meat products,
  • Caviar black and red
  • Oily ocean fish,
  • Semolina porridge, as well as refined rice,
  • Sweet fruit
  • Dried fruits also need to be excluded from consumption due to the increased level of sugar in them,
  • Sweet carbonated drinks,
  • Soups with peas,
  • Mushroom-type broths,
  • Mushrooms
  • Sweet cocoa
  • Black tea,
  • Natural coffee, or instant.

Individual anti-sclerotic diets have been developed for various atherosclerosis organ lesions.

These diets have much in common, but also have their own characteristics.

Brain arteries

The peculiarity of this diet is that it is aimed at limiting fat intake, or eliminating them completely, as well as at reducing salt intake.

All animal fat should be replaced by vegetable oils, which have a completely different structure, not increasing the cholesterol index in the blood.

In atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels, it is necessary to introduce fish, or seafood, as well as the maximum amount of fiber, which is found in fresh vegetables and garden greens, in the diet of each day.

In the diet you need to use products containing ascorbic acid, as well as vitamins of groups P and B. The products should contain magnesium and potassium salts.

The daily dosage should be:

  • Overweight obesity: 300.0 g. carbohydrates, 70.0 g. vegetable fats, 90.0 g. protein in foods,
  • With a normal patient weight 350.0 g. Carbohydrates, 80.0 g. Vegetable fat, 100.0 g. Protein.

Regulatory consumption at the time of the diet in atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels is the consumption per day:

  • 1000 milliliters of fluid
  • 0.50 0.80 grams of calcium,
  • Up to 3.0 grams of salt
  • Magnesium 1.0 grams
  • 1.0 1.60 grams of phosphorus,
  • Vitamin B1 4.0 milligrams,
  • Vitamin C 100.0 milligrams,
  • Vitamin B2 3.0 milligrams,
  • Vitamin PP 15.0 30.0 milligrams.

With this type of diet, you need to eat more than 6 times for one day, but the dosage should be reduced.

Brain vessels

Despite the fact that in diseases of the cerebral vessels, the diet is quite rigid and has many restrictions, some products can be entered into the menu occasionally and in small quantities.

Such products help to establish metabolism in the body and restore lipid metabolism.

This category of products includes:

  • Low-fat dairy products,
  • Weak coffee,
  • The tea is not strong and you must add a slice of lemon to it,
  • Vegetable juices as well as fruit based juices. Especially valuable for cleansing the cerebral arteries juice from cherry, strawberry and quince,
  • A decoction of rose hips, with the addition of bran from wheat,
  • Bread from low grades of wheat, and also bread from cereal rye, and biscuits,
  • Soups should be based on beets, as well as in the soup, you can add vegetables and cereal grains, or cook soup,
  • Seafood seaweed (kelp), boiled mussels and a small amount of shrimp,
  • Vegetable oils are added to cooked dishes, before eating,
  • Eggs consume no more than 2 pieces for 7 days. Cook them better in the form of a steam omelet, or boil soft boiled,
  • In the daily menu, you can enter a choice, such vegetables - zucchini, or zucchini, cabbage of all varieties, fresh carrots, green peas, as well as eggplants and a small amount of potatoes,
  • Wheatmeal, oatmeal, and buckwheat. These cereals, you need to cook in the form of cereals. Restrictions on refined rice and all types of pasta,
  • In a minimum amount and not every day you can eat natural honey, sugar (preferably brown), as well as jam. For desserts, it is better to make a semi-sweet soufflé, or mousse.

Ideal for burning cholesterol, eat grapefruit in the morning on an empty stomach, or drink freshly made juice, but it is preferable to eat grapefruit along with the pulp.

Boiled soft-boiled eggs Lemon tea Bread from only 1 or 2 varieties of wheat Non-fat cottage cheese Baked cheese casserole Sea kale Rosehip decoctions Lean soups Vegetable juices

When atherosclerotic plaques in the vessels

Cholesterol is the first provocateur of many vascular diseases. It settles on the inner shells of blood vessels, forming atherosclerotic plaques.

The bulk of excess cholesterol, especially low-density lipoproteins, is ingested through cholesterol-containing products, animal fats, products that have properties to increase the index in the blood cholesterol.

Therefore, in the measures of prevention, some foods should be eaten less, and in case of disease, atherosclerosis, many foods are generally excluded from the patient’s diet. Absolutely, food of animal origin cannot be removed from the human diet, because irreparable effects can occur in the body.

Restrictions on the consumption of such products, rather than their complete exclusion, are the main principles of diet therapy in the pathology of atherosclerosis and in diabetes mellitus.

Culinary recipes should be as accurately as possible calculated by the amount of fat and carbohydrates, and should be the correct calorie dosage.

Daily dosage of food to reduce cholesterol plaques in blood vessels and to resist the further progression of atherosclerosis:

  • Restrictions in salt should be up to 6.0 8.0 grams. Do not forget that vegetables and meat also contain salt, so you need to take into account the total amount of the daily dose of salt and salt in products,
  • Carbohydrates to eat no more than 400.0 grams per day,
  • Fats from 60.0 grams to 70.0 grams,
  • Protein from food must be received not less than 1.50 grams per kilogram of the patient’s weight,
  • Vitamin Rutin, as well as Vitamin C, is not more than 4.0 grams.

Proper nutritional therapy in atherosclerosis of the arteries is a restriction of animal products and the introduction of large amounts of fiber in food, which is in vegetables, fresh fruit.

Against the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood, you need to do fasting dietary days with the maximum amount of foods consumed.

When unloading, you can eat savory fruits, fresh vegetables and drink kefir, and a little low-fat cottage cheese.

Vessels of the lower extremities

Treatment of atherosclerotic plaques on the arteries of the lower extremities is a complex of therapeutic techniques, as well as a change in the usual diet (diet) and lifestyle:

  • First of all, it is to refuse to take alcohol and nicotine addiction.. Without giving up bad habits, it is impossible to treat atherosclerosis of the legs,
  • It is also worth refusing the sedentary lifestyle. this leads to stagnation in the blood circulation and the blood does not reach the peripheral arteries and capillaries,
  • It is necessary to cure those pathologies that exist in the patient's body in parallel with atherosclerosis. hypertension, pathology of the heart organ, liver cell disease, pathology of the renal organ, diabetes,
  • Drug anti-atherosclerotic therapy to reduce the cholesterol index in blood plasma,
  • Cholesterol-free diet. This diet is aimed at reducing the level of lipoproteins in the blood, as well as diluting the blood plasma, and accelerating the rate of movement of biological fluid in the arteries, and supplying blood to the peripheral parts of the blood flow system,
  • Reception of vitamin complexes in the treatment of atherosclerosis of peripheral limbs is mandatoryThis improves the capillary grid of the legs.

Reception of vitamin complexes

Peripheral arteries of the limbs

In case of pathology of atherosclerosis of the legs, you need to enter into the menu more products from soy. With a constant consumption of soy in food, it is possible to reduce the index of lipoproteins, and especially low molecular lipids by 15.0% to 20.0%.

Protein of plant origin normalizes the exchange of lipoproteins in the body, as well as by reducing the cholesterol value, improves the overall condition in the human body.

When treating anti-sclerotic plaques in the main arteries and capillaries of the extremities, a sufficient amount of beans, wheat products (groats, bran), corn (groats) should be present in the diet.

These products are able to improve the composition of blood by 50.0%, and replace all fats with polyunsaturated acids.

Plant fibers help in the absorption of vegetable protein.

In this diet, it is very important to consume in sufficient quantity pectin, which is in bran, and for the most part in fresh vegetables, in frozen and fresh fruits.

Approximate composition of the menu with an atherosclerotic diet for a week.

From the listed products choose food to choose from:

breakfast· Green or herbal tea with toast and cheese,
· Muesli with cottage cheese and kefir,
· Steam omelet,
· Galetny type cookies with yogurt.
snack· Drink fruit juice, not more than 200.0 milliliters,
· Apple, or pear,
· Citrus,
· Low-fat cottage cheese with berries.
dinner· Soup with vegetable broth, as well as boiled chicken and pepper and tomato salad,
· Roasted beef with pumpkin, or pea puree, as well as a mix of salads with white cabbage,
· Rabbit stewed with vegetables.
afternoon tea· Fruits with low-fat yogurt,
· Low fat cottage cheese and galetny type cookies,
· Rye toasts with fruit smoothies.
dinner· Boiled or steamed fish, and beet salad with olive oil,
· Seafood and salad - a mix of fresh vegetables,
· Boiled chicken with steam spinach and pumpkin puree.
Before bedtime· Drink 150.0 milliliters of kefir,
· Eat a few slices of mandarin,
· One kiwi.

In the menu, you can enter porridge in milk, and constantly drink herbal teas, or green. Each time in the tea add a slice of lemon. Coffee is allowed 1 2 cups, but so that it is weak and without the addition of sugar.

Pears and apples Milk porridge from your favorite cereal Kefir Sea fish boiled or steamed Laminaria salad with carrots Soup from vegetables and cereals

Neck arteries

With the help of diet, in the treatment of carotid atherosclerosis, it is possible to restore microcirculation in the arteries of the brain.

In atherosclerosis of the cerebral divisions, in the period of clogging of the arteries, surgical intervention is necessary for emergency surgery, and after surgery, a diet is needed to prevent the formation of plaques on the carotid arteries.

Diet after surgery is not only preventive measures, but also restorative therapy after a surgical invasion of the body.

The effectiveness of this diet is directly dependent on the selected categories of products, but it is important in this diet is a multiple meals in very small portions.

If you want to eat, you can drink a glass of mineral water, or eat some fruit. The peculiarity of the diet for lesions of the neck arteries is the maximum amount of vegetables and vitamins.

Sample menu for one day:

breakfast· Chicken meat, mixed vegetables, weak coffee and no added sugar,
snack· Drink fruit juice, eat fruit,
dinner· Borsch, boiled fish and mashed potatoes,
afternoon tea· Decoction of the hips, or eat 1 citrus fruit,
dinner· Vegetable casserole and steam fish, green, or herbal tea.

1 breakfast 2 breakfast Lunch Afternoon snack Dinner

Heart aorta

In atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries of the heart, a high index of blood pressure is the first sign of impaired movement of blood in the aorta and its branching in the region of the heart organ.

The principle of this diet and nutrition is to reduce the intake of food with fats, enter into the menu of the diet that category of products with complex carbohydrates.

Complex carbohydrates are contained along with fiber in fresh vegetables: cauliflower and white cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, and orange in fresh fruit, as well as apple and quince.

In the diet should be fish dishes of low-fat varieties, seafood in various ways of cooking:

  • Boiled mussels with lemon slices,
  • Squids, boiled or cooked in a steam bath,
  • Boiled shrimp,
  • Kelp.

In addition to a large concentration of iodine in seafood, they are also rich in vitamins of the whole group B, as well as PP and vitamin C.

In order to strengthen the cardiac myocardium and the walls of the coronary arteries, along with the use of a diet, you need adequate physical exertion. You can go to engage in the pool. Useful jogging in the fresh air, or sports type walking.

Conclusion

For the treatment of pathology of atherosclerosis of the aorta and its branches, it is necessary to avoid bad and harmful products, as well as cooked incorrectly.

Useful products for cardiac myocardium, aorta and its arteries are low-cholesterol dishes, products prepared by boiling, or steaming. When dieting all types of atherosclerosis, you can apply the method of quenching and baking in the oven.

Fried and smoked products can cause spasms of the main arteries, as well as the destruction of small vessels and capillaries, which leads to serious consequences in atherosclerosis, and even a deadly outcome.

For a diet of all types of atherosclerosis of the arteries, and especially for aortic pathology, it is very important to observe the salt and water balance in the body.

You need to drink no less than 900.0 grams of mineral water, and the rest of the water should be purified. The daily dosage of water is 2000 milliliters, the daily dosage of salt is 2.0 grams.

Food for atherosclerosis. Products that reduce cholesterol and cleansing vessels

Nutrition in atherosclerosis is an important part of complex treatment. The cause of the disease is the deposition of harmful fats on the walls of blood vessels, which causes the formation of plaques. This impairs blood flow and can lead to serious complications, such as stroke or heart attack. It is impossible to cope with atherosclerosis by medication methods alone, without following a diet. The patient needs not only to exclude from the diet food containing harmful fats. It is very important to use products that reduce cholesterol and cleaning vessels. You need to diet for a long time, sometimes even for life.

Is cholesterol always bad

Patients with atherosclerosis are aware of the dangers of cholesterol. But do lipids always lead to a deterioration of vascular permeability? In medicine and nutrition, fats are divided into harmful and beneficial. Low-density lipids contribute to the formation of deposits on the walls of blood vessels, which leads to atherosclerosis. High density fats prevent plaque formation. They help the body excrete harmful cholesterol.

Low-density fatty compounds are found mainly in food. Therefore, the patient must avoid eating foods high in such substances. This is one of the main principles of nutrition in atherosclerosis.

High density cholesterol is produced by the liver cells and is practically not found in food. However, there are types of food that help increase the amount of beneficial lipids in the body. It is necessary to regularly include in the diet of such dishes. Products that reduce cholesterol and cleansing vessels, will be discussed further.

Conditionally allowed types of food

Some dishes with atherosclerosis are allowed to eat in limited quantities. They are not prohibited, but they should not be abused. They should occasionally be included in the diet so that the patient does not experience feelings of hunger. These types of food include:

  1. Seafood. The patient may consume mussels, squid or sea kale in small quantities. This will enrich the body with iodine.
  2. Eggs Proteins can be eaten every day, they do not contain harmful lipids. As for the yolks, they are included in the diet no more than 2-3 times a week.
  3. Fat sea fish. This type of food is recommended for the defeat of the aorta. If a patient has atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, then such a product is excluded from the menu.
  4. Rye bread products. They can be eaten very moderately.
  5. Chicory drink. Patients with atherosclerosis categorically banned coffee. This drink increases blood pressure and adversely affects the vessels. If the patient is accustomed to the coffee taste, then a chicory surrogate can be used.
  6. Cheese This product is allowed to eat in very small quantities. At the same time, it is necessary to choose non-acute varieties.
  7. Fruits. Patients with atherosclerosis can not eat sweets: chocolate, ice cream, cakes. Therefore, many patients do not have enough sugar. To compensate for this deficiency, a small amount of sweet fruits and dried fruits are introduced into the diet: bananas, pears, prunes, dried apricots.
  8. Greenery. Parsley and dill are useful for atherosclerosis, but spinach, sorrel, and raw onions should be discarded. Garlic is usually not recommended. However, in atherosclerosis, doctors advise to use garlic tincture in moderate doses. This is a folk remedy for plaques in the vessels.

Many patients are interested in: is it possible to eat potatoes during atherosclerosis. For diseases of the blood vessels, doctors usually recommend eating vegetables. But you need to remember that potatoes are high-calorie foods. Therefore, it should be eaten in moderation, since it is undesirable for a patient with atherosclerosis to gain weight. Potatoes are cooked in boiled or baked form. You should not fry this vegetable, such food is harmful. It is very useful to use potato juice, it is a good folk remedy for the treatment of atherosclerosis.

Prohibited Foods

Some products in atherosclerosis are strictly prohibited. These include the following types of food:

  • any conservation,
  • pickled vegetables,
  • muffin
  • salted fish (eg herring),
  • sausages (especially smoked and fatty),
  • lard and other animal fat,
  • soups with rich broth, broths from fat meat,
  • smoked meat and fish products.

Alcohol is contraindicated in all patients with vascular pathologies. You should also avoid drinking coffee and strong black tea. These drinks often lead to hypertension.

What food cleans the vessels?

Some foods increase the amount of beneficial lipids in the body. It helps to clear the vessels from plaques. These foods include the following foods:

  1. Fish It is useful to include salmon, mackerel and tuna in the menu. These types of fish contain large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids. These substances reduce the amount of harmful triglycerides, and increase the production of high-density lipids.
  2. Olive oil. This product is recommended to fill vegetable salads. Olive oil contains oleic acid, which raises the level of good cholesterol.
  3. Broccoli cabbage. The composition of the vegetable contains amino acids that prevent the formation of plaques in the vessels.
  4. Walnuts. They are rich in omega-acids, and are able to reduce the level of harmful lipids and increase the amount of beneficial.
  5. Green tea. The drink contains vitamin-like substances - catechins. They help the body process cholesterol and clean the blood vessels. White tea is even richer in catechins, but this drink is quite rare.
  6. Persimmon. It consists of polyphenols, which reduce the amount of fat in the body. This fruit has a sweet taste, but you can eat it without fear. Persimmon does not cause an increase in blood glucose and low-calorie.
  7. Cranberries. Berry is rich in potassium. This element contributes to the production of beneficial lipids in the body.

You should try as often as possible to include these products in the diet. Usually atherosclerosis, doctors prescribe drugs that reduce cholesterol. Drug therapy in conjunction with diet and the use of products that clean the blood vessels, can give good results.

Should a patient with atherosclerosis completely stop eating fat? Lipids are necessary for the body to work normally in the brain. Therefore, it is inappropriate to completely eliminate fats from the diet.

You only need to ensure that the diet was as little as possible of harmful lipids of animal origin. They are found in foods such as lard, butter, fatty meats. At the same time, you can safely fill the dishes with olive oil, there is avocado, fish, mussels. These products contain healthy types of fat.

Harmful body in atherosclerosis cause products with a high content of starch and simple carbohydrates. These include sugar and butter products. However, the harmful starch can be replaced by products with fiber.They give a feeling of fullness. These are dishes from potatoes and other vegetables, white flour bread.

Protein is needed by the body for the strength of the musculoskeletal system. We must try to include in the menu the products, which include these substances. But it is important to pay attention to the cholesterol content. It is necessary to give preference to white meat of poultry (fillet, chicken breast or turkey breast). This product contains enough protein, but few lipids. Nutrients are also found in low-fat dairy products and beans dishes (peas, beans).

Patients ration should be rich in vitamins. These substances are antioxidants. They remove oxidation products from the body and thereby contribute to the purification of blood vessels.

Vitamins in atherosclerosis are an important part of complex treatment. They are used both in the form of medications, and with food. Recommended vitamin B6, C, E, as well as nicotinic acid. These substances are found in fish, meat, fruits and vegetables.

Nursing care

Nursing care for atherosclerosis is carried out while in hospital. The task of the nursing staff is not only to monitor the patient's hygiene and timely taking the prescribed drugs. It is very important to explain to a person with atherosclerosis the need for dieting. Also, the nurse should talk with the patient's relatives and tell them about the principles of nutrition in case of vascular diseases. It often happens that the patient, after discharge from the hospital, ceases to follow the recommended diet, which leads to dangerous complications. It is necessary to tell the patient about the inadmissibility of the consumption of fatty foods, because atherosclerosis is most often the result of malnutrition.

Non-alcoholic drinks

mineral water0,00,00,0- green tea0,00,00,0-

* data are per 100 g of product

Fully or partially restricted products

Completely exclude products from puff and sweet dough, meat, fish, and mushroom broths. You can not fatty varieties of pork, cooking oils, duck, goose, kidneys, brains, liver, sausages, canned food and all kinds of smoked meats.

Under the ban fatty fish, canned fish and caviar, salted and smoked fish. Do not eat fatty cheese and cream, cottage cheese and sour cream. The ban on the use of radish, radish, sorrel, spinach and mushrooms. You can not chocolate, ice cream, products with cream. Of the sauces can not eat meat, fish, mushrooms, mustard. Prohibited strong tea and coffee, cocoa.

Limit egg yolks, rice, semolina and pasta, mayonnaise, horseradish. With obesity - grapes, sugar, honey, raisins, jam can be rarely and in minimal quantities.

Banned Products Table

Vegetables and greens

Proteins, gFat, gCarbohydrates, gCalories, kcal
radish1,20,13,419
white radish1,40,04,121
radish red1,20,13,420
black radish1,90,26,735
spinach2,90,32,022
sorrel1,50,32,919
bananas1,50,221,895
grapes0,60,216,865
mushrooms3,52,02,530

Nuts and dried fruits

raisins2,90,666,0264

Cereals and cereals

semolina10,31,073,3328
rice6,70,778,9344

Flour and pasta

pasta10,41,169,7337

Confectionery

jam0,30,263,0263
jam0,30,156,0238
candies4,319,867,5453
pastry cream0,226,016,5300
biscuit7,511,874,9417
ice cream3,76,922,1189
cake4,423,445,2407
chocolate5,435,356,5544

Raw materials and seasonings

mustard5,76,422,0162
mayonnaise2,467,03,9627

Milk products

milk 3.6%2,83,64,762
milk 4.5%3,14,54,772
cream2,820,03,7205
sour cream 25% (classic)2,625,02,5248

Cheese and curd

cheese24,129,50,3363
cottage cheese 11%16,011,01,0170
cottage cheese 18% (fat)14,018,02,8232

Meat products

pork16,021,60,0259
pork liver18,83,60,0108
pig kidneys13,03,10,080
pork fat1,492,80,0841
fat2,489,00,0797
beef liver17,43,10,098
beef kidneys12,51,80,066
beef brains9,59,50,0124

Sausages

smoked sausage16,244,60,0466
smoked sausage9,963,20,3608
wieners10,131,61,9332
sausages12,325,30,0277
smoked chicken27,58,20,0184
duck16,561,20,0346
smoked duck19,028,40,0337
goose16,133,30,0364

Fish and seafood

smoked fish26,89,90,0196
salted fish19,22,00,0190
Red caviar32,015,00,0263
black caviar28,09,70,0203
canned fish17,52,00,088
cod (liver in oil)4,265,71,2613

Oils and fats

animal fat0,099,70,0897
cooking fat0,099,70,0897

Non-alcoholic drinks

instant coffee dry15,03,50,094
black tea20,05,16,9152

* data are per 100 g of product

The first day

Breakfast
  • buckwheat porridge on the water,
  • low fat cottage cheese pudding
  • mandarin,
  • tea.
Lunch
  • an Apple.
Dinner
  • vegetarian barley soup in vegetable oil,
  • steam meat chops,
  • carrot stew or cabbage
  • whole grain bread rolls,
  • dried fruits compote.
Afternoon tea
  • decoction of wild rose.
Dinner
  • salad with the addition of seaweed and vegetable oil,
  • baked fish and potatoes
  • tea.
For the night
  • apples or kefir.

Second day

Breakfast
  • protein omelet
  • low-fat cottage cheese with natural yogurt, apple and walnuts,
  • green tea.
Lunch
  • 2 small oranges.
Dinner
  • pickle on vegetable broth,
  • boiled chicken breast,
  • salad of seaweed and boiled beets with olive oil,
  • brown rice portion
  • compote.
Afternoon tea
  • whole grain bread rolls,
  • tomato juice.
Dinner
  • baked hake 120 g -150 g,
  • cabbage, cucumber and carrot salad, seasoned with linseed oil,
  • one apple.
For the night
  • grapefruit or sour milk.

Third day

Breakfast
  • low-fat cottage cheese with natural yogurt, mandarin, pumpkin seeds and wheat bran,
  • toast made from bran flour and flax seeds,
  • green tea.
Lunch
  • 2 mandarins,
  • a small apple.
Dinner
  • soup in vegetable broth,
  • boiled beef,
  • cauliflower salad with the addition of seaweed and linseed oil,
  • portion of buckwheat porridge,
  • compote.
Afternoon tea
  • orange.
Dinner
  • baked cod,
  • vegetable stew (cabbage, Brussels sprouts, carrots, onions and celery) in vegetable oil,
  • one apple.
For the night
  • grapefruit or low-fat yogurt.

Advantages and disadvantages

prosMinuses
  • Not expensive and affordable.
  • Includes a variety of products and safe.
  • You can constantly stick to it without feeling hunger.
  • Normalizes the function of the gastrointestinal tract and lipid metabolism.
  • There is a general improvement of the body.
  • It is the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Not balanced for a healthy person, but meets all the nutritional requirements of patients.
  • There are no simple carbohydrates, smoked and fatty foods, and many feel hurt.

Comments nutritionists

People often ask if fasting can help with atherosclerosis? Indeed, fasting can be used in the treatment of the initial stages of the disease. However, there are contraindications: arrhythmiaspronounced atherosclerosis, thyrotoxicosistendency to thrombosis, pathology of the liver and kidneys and others. In the absence of contraindications, a short discharge can be carried out. However, at present, the effectiveness of therapeutic starvation in treating this disease is being questioned, and it has not found scientific evidence. Some studies (in birds) confirmed the opposite - a metabolic disorder during fasting, on the contrary, leads to hypercholesterolemia.

The rule of life for such patients should be a balanced diet and this dietary table meets all the requirements and it takes into account all the main points of nutrition leading to the progression of the disease. It is very important to maintain high density cholesterol. This is possible due to the daily intake with food. omega-3 PUFAs, since they are not formed in the body. Their daily requirement is 2 g. For reference, we give the content in 100 g of products: flax seed leads - 22.8 g, followed by walnuts - 6.8 g, mackerel - 2.5 g, herring - 1.5-3, 1 g, tuna - up to 1.6 g, soy - 1.6 g, salmon - 1.4 g.

Next, you need to eat up to 500 g of fruits and vegetables (potatoes are not taken into account). Dietary fibers of these products absorb cholesterol on themselves, it is not absorbed into the blood and is excreted in the feces. The daily need for dietary fiber is 25-30 g. A very large number of them (2.5 g per 100 g of product) are found in wheat bran, beans, whole oatmeal, nuts, dates, cranberries, gooseberries, raspberries, figs, prunes, raisins and dried apricots. Slightly less (1-2 g) in cereals: buckwheat, barley, pearl barley, oatmeal, peas, carrots, cabbage, sweet pepper, eggplant, pumpkin, quince, oranges, fresh mushrooms.

With this disease, the role is great antioxidantsvitamins A, E, WITH and selenium. By sources vitamin a are sea fish, all citrus fruits, egg yolk, carrots, tomatoes, apricots, pumpkin, spinach.

Vitamin C in all fruits and vegetables, but the greatest amount in wild rose, black currant, sea buckthorn, green peas, red pepper, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower.

Vitamin E is present in all vegetable oils, cereals, legumes, sunflower seeds, almonds, peanuts. We get selenium from tuna, sardines, beef, milk.

Actively pursuing your recovery, discard products that contain hidden animal fats. We are talking about sausages, sausages, ham, rolls, pies, cheeses, curd mass. Choose low-fat meats and also eliminate visible fat. When cooking, use a minimum of fat - this will be possible if you use a steamer, oven and grill.

Eat less or eliminate all the “fast”, simple carbohydrates (sugar, cakes, sweet pastries, sweets, jams, jams). The fact is that they stimulate the body’s production insulin, and he participates in the translation of excess sugars into fat and besides stimulates the appetite. You should also consider limiting the diet of salt. It complicates the breakdown of fat, and the inner wall of blood vessels under its action becomes loose and susceptible to the deposition of cholesterol.

Now, knowing the basic directions of proper nutrition, it will not be difficult to make a daily diet. Diet for atherosclerosis of the lower extremities is no different from the general for this disease. In this case, a lipid-lowering diet is also prescribed. Table number 10С or its variants (see above).

With atherosclerosis obliterans to the forefront is a violation of the blood supply to the lower extremities, which is manifested by their chilliness and numbness of the feet, cramps of the calf muscles, fatigue of the legs and intermittent claudication. In severe cases - trophic ulcers of the feet and gangrene. Therefore, in parallel, treatment is prescribed, including a group of vascular drugs (Trental, Vazaprostan, Ilomedin), thrombolytics and statins necessarily - lipid-lowering drugs. The patient needs to change their lifestyle (quitting smoking and taking alcohol), control their weight and increase (if possible) physical activity.

Feedback and results

This diet food is designed for a long time, because it is balanced and contains a variety of products. Some restriction in carbohydrates and fats does not adversely affect health, and vice versa allows you to lose weight, bring back to normal cholesterol and feel good. All these points are noted in the reviews of patients.

  • «... Improved health and reduced weight. I enjoyed such a healthy diet. True, I was also prescribed pills to lower cholesterol.»,
  • «... The results are satisfied: cholesterol decreased, sugar returned to normal and even lost weight. Beauty!»,
  • «... Cholesterol was not very high, so it cost only medical nutrition. I continue to eat like this»,
  • «... My result is minus 5 kg, the general condition has improved significantly and tests have become normal»,
  • «... It helped me lose weight and improve my condition, but I believe that the tests became normal thanks to pills. Then I will not run myself and will eat right».
  • «... It is not even a diet, but proper nutrition. In low-fat dishes without frying and batter, I see only benefit. I constantly eat, even though no one prescribed it to me. Cholesterol is normal».

Price of diet

This therapeutic food is relatively low cost, includes products used in everyday life. The main focus is on fruits, vegetables and cereals. Based on the above menu, you can calculate that a week will need up to 2 kg of apples and tangerine, 1 kg of orange and grapefruits, up to 3-4 kg of various vegetables and 1 kg of cereals. As well as 0.5 kg of beef, 1 kg of chicken meat and 2 kg of fish. The cost of the weekly menu is approximately 1,700 - 1,800 rubles.

Watch the video: LIVE IT: Reduce Risk of Heart Disease with a Mediterranean Diet (January 2020).